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For questions about Riemann surfaces, that is complex manifolds of (complex) dimension 1, and related topics.

Riemann surfaces are one-dimensional complex manifolds that are deformations of $\mathbb{C}.$

Riemann surfaces are orientable as a real manifold, and every simply connected Riemann surface is conformally equivalent to one of the following:

Elliptic (Positive curvature): The Riemann sphere (the complex plane with an extension to a point at infinity)

Parabolic (zero curvature): The complex plane

Hyperbolic (negative curvature): The open disk or upper half-plane

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