Questions tagged [recreational-mathematics]

Mathematics done just for fun, often disjoint from typical school mathematics curriculum. Also see the [puzzle] and [contest-math] tags.

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1 vote
45 views

Finding if there relationship between numbers

I have a challenge. This may be little tricky or even not possible but wanted to check if anyone has any thoughts on this? PS : This question is in general and not related to only to R. May be I can ...
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A game of identifying real coins and weighing them.

Here is my problem as follows. There are 2 counterfeit coins among 5 coins that look identical. Both counterfeit coins have the same weight and the other three real coins have the same weight. The ...
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1 vote
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Weighted count of Egyptian fraction representations

This question emerged during an activity I ran for some middle school students this week; basically, it's about a way to "count" - with an appropriate kind of weight - the Egyptian fraction ...
• 220k
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Maximum amount of iterations to get to an empty list from repeatedly taking the smallest complement of a list

I was trying to solve Iterative Smallest Complement on the Code Golf website, and thought of an interesting question. A basic run down of what the smallest complement of a list is: ... ...
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1 vote
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Dependence of Events - Proof

I've been learning for my probability exam checking some proofs in book and I found the following question I can't really answer. Any ideas or help? Let's assume that events $A$ and $B$ are NOT ...
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Eliminating red balls in a jar with up to four colors

In a jar, there are $r$ red balls, $b$ blue balls, $y$ yellow balls, and $g$ green balls, for a total of $T=r+b+y+g$ colored balls. Let $(r,b,y,g;T)$ or equivalently $(r,b,y,g)$ represent this state. ...
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prove that one of the players will have two cards with the same numbers

Here's the problem: There are 25 people sitting around a table and each person has two cards. One of the numbers 1,2,..., 25 is written on each card, and each number occurs on exactly two cards. At a ...
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An un contains cards numbered 2 . 100 Let X be the least number on the 50 cards drawn randomly without replacement from the urn . Then P ( X

An un contains cards numbered 1.2 ... 100 . Let X be the least number on the 50 cards drawn randomly without replacement from the urn . Then P ( X =>5/2) is
1 vote
37 views

Is it true that for sequences that satisfy the property-type in Goldbach's conjecture, there is an integer which cannot be expressed in a unique way?

Let $A\subset \mathbb{Z}$ be such that $\exists\ c\in\mathbb{Z}$ such that $\forall\ n\geq c: \exists\ a,a'\in A$ with $a+a' = n.$ In other words, $A$ satisfies sort-of Goldbach conjecture, but for ...
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On projecting a sphere onto a cylinder, and preserving horizontal arcs

You take a sphere, and inscribe it in a cylinder (so the edges are touching). You project the sphere onto the surface of the cylinder through rays emanating from the axis of the cylinder outward, ...
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A number is called "a super prime number" if the sum of its digits is equal to a prime number. How many two digit "super prime numbers" do we have? [closed]

I know that I can write all numbers from 1 - 100, but I'm curious if there is another way like using a formula to solve this kind of question.
1 vote
32 views

Does this autonomous system of two first-order ODE have a solution?

Let $f:[0,1]^2\to\mathbb{R}$ be continuous and let $\delta>0$. Fix initial condition $\vec{x}_0=(x_{10},x_{20})\in [0,1]^2$; time $t$ takes values in $[0,\infty)$. Consider the following system of ...
1 vote
51 views

What is the probability the statement is true given A and B contradict each other??(Slight twist in a very unique question)

The textbook question goes like this A and B are independent witness in a case. The probability that A speaks the truth is 'x' and that of B is 'y'.If A and B agree on a certain statement, how to find ...
89 views

A potter makes pots and arranges them in rows for drying. How many pots does the potter make?

A potter makes more than $100$ but less than $300$ pots and arranges them in rows, with each row consisting of the same number of pots, for drying. He finds that if he places $6$ pots more per row, he ...
1 vote
86 views

Why the degree of $\pi$ does not increase

What is the underlying reason, that $\pi$ is of degree $1$ in the volume formula for an $n$-ball of radius $r$, i.e. the perimeter of circle is $$2\pi \cdot r$$ its area is $$\pi \cdot r^2$$ the ...
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A quadrilateral version of fagnano's problem.

Here is a problem from the german national math olympiad 2021. This problem looks very similar to fagnano's problem except it is quadrilateral. The problem is as follows. Let $P$ on $AB$ ,$Q$on $BC$ ...
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Umbrella puzzle with several places

You all know the Markov umbrella puzzle about professor having umbrellas at home and at office and taking one whenever it rains. But how about if we have more than two places? Of course then the ...
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1 vote
42 views

General equivalence of differential equation and difference equation

Let $g$ be a continuous function (not necessarily smooth). Let $\Delta g=\frac{g(x+\Delta x)-g(x)}{\Delta x}$. Consider the difference equation: $F(\Delta\Delta g,\Delta g,g)=K$ Question: Under ...
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1 vote
15 views

Calculate remaining filament based on rotation

This might not be possible at all but I can't get my head around it, not really mathematically minded. A 3D printer spool obviously depletes as it is used. Knowing the diameter of the filament, the ...
• 111
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What is the average minimum value in a set of 100 integers chosen at random uniformly and independently in the range 0-99 inclusive?

Obviously the smallest possible value is 0, but 0 isn't guaranteed to be in the set. I'd assume that most of the time the minimum value would be either 0 or 1, which would make the average minimum be ...
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Exploring the divergent series and busting misconceptions! [closed]

I require clarifications on some things. $1 + 2 + 3 + \cdots + n = \frac{n(n+1)}{2}$. To get this I used the formula: $S_{n} = \frac{n}{2}(2a + (n-1)d)$, or, $\frac{n}{2}(a + l)$ where $n$ is the ...
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Clock's min-hand overtakes hour-hand in $x$ mins

This was the question I faced: The minute-hand of a clock overtakes the hour-hand at intervals of $62$ minutes of a correct time. How much in a day does the clock gain or lose? And since I wasn't ...
22 views

Is there such a thing called an imaginary angle? [duplicate]

Basically if $\theta = i$ just like if $\theta = 360$ or $90$ or $1$. If such a thing exists, how can we visually express it?
50 views

Belarus 1998 Math Olympiad Inequality - Can someone help me to fill in missing details?

Can someone help me figure out to fill in the missing details? I have got this far Belarus 1998 Math Olympiad Inequality and my working steps as far as I got so far Thank you
38 views

Percentage symmetry

I am currently reading Investing in the Unknowns and Unknowable by Richard Zeekhauser. On page 6, 3rd paragraph, there is following lines: ...
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How to find the enveloping curve of this family of polynomials?

I was studying the Rule 90 cellular automaton and came across a family of polynomials defined by D_n(x)=\begin{cases} \displaystyle\sum_{k=0}^{m}(-1)^{m+k}\binom{m+k}{m-k}x^{2k}\ , &...
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The N-barrel problem. From some national math olympiad.

Someone told me in a math olympiad a very interesting problem, it goes like this: Suppose you have a circular platform with $N$ barrels arranged in a "nice" order, each barrel will be the ...
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How to calculate the orthogonality error between sine and cosine wave?

As the picture below(assume the magnitude is the same),the zero-crossing points of the SIN and COS signals do not occur at the precise distance of 90°.So I want to figure out the φ which is φx-φy. ...
31 views

What is a sublinear function? Is $y'(x) = x^5(e^{4-y^2}-1)$ sublinear?

May I have any simplest definition of sublinear function? I tried reading through Wikipedia but couldn't understand it well. Moreover, how can I check whether any function follows sublinearity or not? ...
52 views

What is the smallest unseen number in an iid sample? (From "A number NOBODY has thought of - Numberphile")

In this Numberphile video, the question: "What is a number nobody has thought of?" is addressed. The method is as follows: Estimate a number $N$ as the number of times humans have thought ...
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What is the probability that three living people in the same family will celebrate their birthdays on exactly the same day.

I celebrate my birthday on the same day as one of my grandchildren. Just wonder how rare it would be for three people in the same family to celebrate their birthdays on the same day.
16 views

Calculate an ambiguity score based on LDA topics and Hellinger distance

I am trying to calculate some sort of ambiguity score from text based on topic probabilities from a Latent Dirichlet Allocation model and the Hellinger distance between the topic distributions. Let’s ...
1 vote
89 views

Magic squares for everybody: for statesmen and pedestrians

The book [1] is a book focused mainly in Franklin's magic squares but it has very interesting and suggestive sections and paragraphs that accompany this topic (summarizing is a jewel). I refer that ...
35 views

When the sum of two sins a constant for any odd n

I'm trying to solve an interesting trig/optimisation problem that I've never seen before. Thought I'd reach out for inspiration. I need to figure out a solution (value of x & y) to the below ...
135 views

$N$ lousy shooters in a gunfight

$N$ players are in a gunfight. Starting from player 1, each player takes turns to act in the order of $1,2,...,N,1,2,...$. In their turn, a player randomly chooses one of the other remaining players ...
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461 views

Connecting $\sqrt{i \sqrt{i \sqrt{i \sqrt{i \dots}}}}$ to an infinite process?

I just watched this YouTube video by Michael Penn about the expression $$\sqrt{i \sqrt{i \sqrt{i \sqrt{i \dots}}}}$$ and how to evaluate it. At the end of the video, he mentions that if we do not ...
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1 vote
41 views

General formula for the upper bound of pi involving nested square roots (circumscribed perimeters of regular polygons)

The formula for the lower bound of pi involving nested square roots looks like this: $p_{2^m} = 2^m\sqrt{2-\sqrt{2+\sqrt{2+ \sqrt{2+...}}}}$ where there are $m-1$ nested square roots. For example, ...
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Minimum amount of points in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ which satisfies certain conditions

The problem that I'm working one is the following Let $S$ be a finite set of points in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$. A stamp set $S$ is a set such that every point in $\mathbb{R}^{n} \setminus S$ is an irrational ...
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Can every number be written as $2^{a_1}+\cdots+2^{a_n} + 1$?

I am reading an algorithm that calculates $x^y$. Basically it is about an implementation of a function $power(x, y)$ where $x$ is the base and $y$ is the exponent i.e. the power. The algorithm uses ...
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1 vote
102 views

Formal application of Pigeonhole principle on voting and candidates

I am reading about the Pigeonhole principle and the following problem under that section: A state has $7$ counties. In one year, three candidates run in a statewide election. Is it possible that in ...
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1 vote
86 views

Are there any non-trivial stable tournaments?

In graph theory, a tournament is a graph where every pair of vertices are connected by exactly one directed edge. In this problem, each tournament represents the possible outcomes of a two-player ...
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Math talk with constraint on words (e.g. only use 6-letters words)

I am trying to find a math talk on YouTube, which I had seen a while ago. The only thing I remember is that it was an entertaining talk (like a fun challenge) where the speaker had a specific ...
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