For questions about $\mathbb{R}$, the field of real numbers. Often used in conjunction with the real-analysis tag.

The field of real numbers, usually denoted by $\mathbb{R}$ or $\mathbf{R}$ is a field equipped with an order, which is complete with respect to that order. Moreover, it is the only ordered field which is complete (up to isomorphism). The real numbers are used as basis for measuring "length".

The real numbers can be classified in various ways: rational and irrational numbers; algebraic and transcendental numbers; computable and non-computable numbers; etc.

The real numbers carry a natural topology, which is generated by the order. The topology can be induced by a naturally arising complete metric. See more on Wikipedia.

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