A real-valued function $f$ defined on a domain $X$ has a global (or absolute) maximum point at $x^∗$ if $f(x^∗) \ge f(x)$ for all $x$ in $X$. Similarly, the function has a global (or absolute) minimum point at $x^∗$ if $f(x^∗) \le f(x)$ for all $x$ in $X$. The value of the function at a maximum point is called the maximum value of the function and the value of the function at a minimum point is called the minimum value of the function.