A Banach space is a complete normed vector space: A vector space equipped with a norm such that every Cauchy sequence converges.

A Banach space, named after Stefan Banach (1892–1945) is a complete normed vector space: a (real or complex) vector space equipped with a norm such that every Cauchy sequence converges. For instance, $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $\mathbb{C}^n$, equipped with the usual norm (or, for that matter, any norm) is a Banach space. Another example is the space $\ell^1$ of all absolutely convergent series of real or complex numbers, equipped with the norm $\left\|\sum_{n=0}^\infty x_n\right\|=\sum_{n=0}^\infty|x_n|$.