Questions on the use of algebraic techniques for proving geometric facts. Analytic Geometry is a branch of algebra that is used to model geometric objects - points, (straight) lines, and circles being the most basic of these. It concerned with defining and representing geometrical shapes in a numerical way.

Analytic geometry, also called coordinate geometry, mathematical subject in which algebraic symbolism and methods are used to represent and solve problems in geometry.

The importance of analytic geometry is that it establishes a correspondence between geometric curves and algebraic equations. This correspondence makes it possible to reformulate problems in geometry as equivalent problems in algebra, and vice versa; the methods of either subject can then be used to solve problems in the other.

Analytic geometry was introduced by René Descartes in $1637$ and was of fundamental importance in the development of the calculus by Sir Isaac Newton and G. W. Leibniz in the late $17^{th}$ cent. More recently it has served as the basis for the modern development and exploitation of algebraic geometry .

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