Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [winding-number]

For questions about winding numbers. The winding number of a continuous curve counts how many times it "loops" around a given point.

7
votes
1answer
591 views

Winding number (demonstration)

How could I explain mathematically, that the winding number of a closed curve $\gamma$ around $a$ ($a \notin \gamma$) gives always an integer value. $$ W(\gamma,a)=\frac{1}{2\pi i} \int_{\gamma} \...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

cauchy theorem over cycles homologous to zero

Definitions: $i)$ A cycle $\gamma$ is a finite sequence of continuous oriented closed paths in the complex plane. We denote $\gamma = (\gamma_1,...\gamma_n)$ where $\gamma_k$ are the closed paths of ...
1
vote
1answer
205 views

Showing Equality of Winding Numbers

Let $ w \in \Bbb C $, and let $ \gamma, \delta : [0,1] \rightarrow \Bbb C $ be closed curves such that for all $ t \in [0,1], |\gamma(t) - \delta(t)| < |\gamma(t) - w| $. By computing the winding ...
8
votes
2answers
443 views

Determine the Winding Numbers of the Chinese Unicom Symbol

I'm practicing with Winding Numbers, and encountered an interesting example. You might be familiar with this liantong symbol, the logo of China Unicom: Suppose we make this into a fully closed and ...
3
votes
2answers
850 views

Show $f$ has a fixed point if $f\simeq c$

I have the following problem: Show that if $f:S^1\to S^1$ is a continuous map, and $f$ is homotopic to a constant, then $\exists p\in S^1 : f(p)=p$. My approach is to show that if for all $p, \ $ $...
5
votes
1answer
237 views

Limit $\lim_{x\rightarrow x_0, x\in M} \int_{\partial M} \frac{1}{||y-x||} n_y \cdot \nabla_y \frac{-1}{||y-x||} dS_y$

Ok I had a question I think I can almost answer it but I miss one step: Let $\partial M$ be a closed surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$, $x_0 \in \partial M$ than show this limit: $$\lim_{\substack{x\...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

If two closed plane curves are outside each other, can there be a point inside both of them?

I think this recent question (also here) has a quick answer if the conjecture below is true. It looks "obviously" true, but I've learned to distrust my judgement in such matters. It also looks as if ...
0
votes
4answers
179 views

Why does the slope of a smooth simple closed curve have winding number one?

$\def\RR{\mathbb{R}}$Let $S^1$ be the circle and let $\gamma : S^1 \to \RR^2$ be a smooth injective map with $\gamma'(t)$ everywhere nonzero. What is the easiest way to show that $t \mapsto \gamma'(t)$...