# Questions tagged [univalent-foundations]

Univalent foundations are an approach to the foundations of mathematics in which mathematical structures are built out of objects called types.

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### Translating developments over different foundations

More and more often, different foundations of mathematics emerging. In some cases, they even rebuild classical theorems (e.g. number theory, Cartan geometry .. etc) on top of it. Some foundations ...
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### What is the relation between (and status of) the Univalent Foundations and Homotopy Type Theory?

It appears as though UniMath and HoTT on GitHub are both active up til and including today. The Wikipedia pages have both linking to each other. Without being steeped in both areas, how do they relate,...
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### What does “univalent” mean?

I have heard of the Univalent Axiom in the search for a foundation of mathematics, "Univalent Foundations". The univalent axiom says: The name univalence (due to Voevodsky) comes from the ...
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### Path induction for homotopies between functions

Consider a version of HoTT where every type former specifies the "shape" of its identity type definitionally (e.g. an equality of pairs is a pair of equalities, equality of types is ...
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### What are the consequences of alternative type-theoretic definition of homotopy equivalence?

The standard definition of homotopy equivalence in HoTT is a quadruple of: $f: A \rightarrow B$ $g: B \rightarrow A$ $p: \operatorname{id} A = g \circ f$ $q: \operatorname{id} B = f \circ g$ ... ...
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### Type theory for $\infty$-categories: retracts of shapes?

Here's another question about the formalities of Riehl and Shulman's A type theory for synthetic $\infty$-categories, and in particular about the role that "shapes" play in this type theory. In Prop 5....
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### Type theory for $\infty$-categories: how do we inhabit $\text{hom}$ types?

I've started reading Riehl and Shulman's A type theory for synthetic $\infty$-categories, which looks like it develops some beautiful theory, but I want to make sure I'm not misunderstanding some of ...
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### “Size Issues” and Cantor's Paradox in HoTT

Section 3.5 of the homotopy type theory book describes the type $\text{Set}_{\mathcal{U}_{i}}\equiv\sum_{(A:\mathcal{U}_i)}\text{isSet}(A)$, which can be thought as the "type of all sets in the ...
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### Path-Lifting in HoTT

Lemma 2.3.2 of the HoTT book defines a kind of path-lifting for "fibrations" (ie type families): The proof is left as an exercise, but I'm struggling to understand what the last propositional ...
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### Typos in HoTT appendix A.1.2?

I've started reading the HoTT book and am trying to understand its formal treatment of Martin-Löf type theory. Something small in the "first presentation" of the appendix has tripped me up; see the ...
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### Why can't you formulate Voevodsky's 2-theories in set theory if its the foundation of maths?

I was reading up on the motivations of Voevodsky's homotopy type theory and was puzzled when i read that his main motivation was for his work in infinity groupoids. He was working on what he calls "...
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### Can all mathematical operations be encoded with a Turing Complete language?

In High School Computing I was taught the Structured Program Theorem - that you could implement any mathematical operation using: Sequence Selection Iteration After completing a Computer Science ...
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### Type former as primitive constants

in the first appendix of the HoTT book the type formers (or connectives) are defined to be primitive constants, e.g. $\sum_{x:A}B$ is defined as $c_{\sum}(A,\lambda x.B)$. I was wondering what the ...
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### Define $\neg\neg A$ to be truncation using LEM

I am currently reading the HoTT book and came across exercise 3.14: Show that assuming $\mathrm{LEM}$, the double negation $\neg \neg A$ has the same universal property as the propositional ...
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### “Realizing” Globular Sets in Homotopy Type Theory

[Apologies in advance if I don't have the right terminology down for some things -- I'm a bit of a novice, hopefully not at the stage where I know enough to be dangerous, but not enough to be useful.] ...
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### Question about the Univalence axiom.

In my study of Type Theory, the univalence axiom has been introduced as the statement that "Isomorphic structures are equal." I haven't learned how to define any algebraic, combinatorial, or ...
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### Associativity of cartesian product in Univalent Foundations

In classical set theory, pairs $(x,y)$ are encoded usually in such a way that (for sets $A,B,C$) $(A\times B)\times C \neq A\times (B\times C)$. From my (small) knowledge of Univalent foundations, ...
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### Will Homotopy Type Theory ever be as accessible as traditional Set Theory?

At the moment, Homotopy Type Theory is barely accessible to undergraduates, and only the most advanced or most gifted could have a decent chance of grasping it at a workable level without mountains of ...
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### Definition of “set” in HoTT

In the homotopy type theory book (https://hott.github.io/book/nightly/hott-online-1007-ga1d0d9d.pdf) "set" is defined as follows (see chapter 3): Definition 3.1.1. A type A is a set if for all x, y : ...
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### Finding a type such that $X + 1 \not\simeq X$ and $X+2\simeq X$

Yesterday, I read the following question : Finding a space such that $X\cong X+2$ and $X\not\cong X+1$, and found the result very astounding. Does it still hold in homotopy type theory? As a type ...
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### What is wrong with ZFC?

Why are there seemingly so many who want to use ETCS, or HoTT, or similar as a foundation of mathematics? I'm aware that HoTT has a good few good aspects, but that doesn't entirely explain the strong ...