# Questions tagged [sequences-and-series]

For questions concerning sequences and series. Typical questions concern, but are not limited to: recurrence relations, convergence tests, identifying sequences, identifying terms. For questions on finite sums, use the (summation) tag instead.

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### Sorting of prime gaps

Let $g_i$ be the $i^{th}$ prime gap $p_{i+1}-p_i.$ If we re-arrange the sequence $(g_{n,i})_{i=1}^n$ so that for any finite $n$ the gaps are arranged from smallest to largest we have a new sequence ...
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### Have I discovered an analytic function allowing quick factorization?

So I have this apparently smooth, parametrized function: The function has a single parameter $m$ and approaches infinity at every $x$ that divides $m$. It is then defined for real $x$ apart from ...
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### A Ramanujan-like summation: is it correct? Is it extensible?

I'm still exercising with summation-procedures which I try to make correct Ramanujan-summations. I'm looking at the (gap-)series $$s(1/2,2) = (1/2)^1+(1/2)^{4}+(1/2)^{9}+(1/2)^{16}+(1/2)^{25}+...$$ ...
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### Convergence acceleration technique for $\zeta(4)$ (or $\eta(4)$) via creative telescoping?

Question Is it already known whether the $\zeta(4):=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}1/n^4$ accelerated convergence series $(1)$, proved for instance in [1, Corollaire 5.3], could be obtained by a similar ...
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### Combinatorial Proofs of Real Analysis Identity

In this question, a proof using real analysis is given of the following identity: $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{(n-1)!}{n \prod_{i=1}^{n} (a+i)} = \sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(a+k)^2}$$ Is there a ...
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### Extension of the Jacobi triple product identity

The Jacobi triple product identity is: $$\prod\limits_{n=1}^{ \infty }(1-q^{2n})(1+zq^{2n-1})(1+z^{-1}q^{2n-1})=\sum\limits_{n = - \infty }^ \infty z^n q^{n^2}$$ I would like to extend the idea for ...
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### Calculating growth rate of a population of Minecraft chickens

I have a rather strange question (for this Stack Exchange anyway). It felt too mathematical to ask elsewhere. If this is out of place here, please let me know. A chicken in Minecraft lays eggs; ...
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### Evaluate $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \frac{n!}{(n^2)!}$

I'm interested in a method of evaluating $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \frac{n!}{(n^2)!}$. If there was a linear equation with leading coefficient $1$ in the denominator or a quadratic with leading ...
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### Closed form for $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{P(n)}$, where $P(n)$ is the partition function.

Is there a closed form for the following infinite series? $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{P(n)}=1+\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{3}+\frac{1}{5}+...$$ where $P(n)$ is the partition function.
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### Invariant functions on the space of finite sequences of reals

Let $S$ be a space of all finite sequences of real numbers (we don't endow it with metric or topology in general). Before asking the main question, some notation. 1. For each $\mathbf s\in S$ we ...
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### Triple sum $\sum\limits_{a=1}^{\infty} \sum\limits_{b=1}^{\infty} \sum\limits_{c=1}^{\infty} \frac{\cos a \cos b \cos c}{a^2 + b^2 + c^2}$

We have poor water heating system in our countryside house (currently it takes 4 hours to warm up the water), and my father has decided to improve it; he bought a water tank and placed it up in the ...
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### How to prove using elementary methods that this function is everywhere continuous but nowhere differentiable?

Let $f$ be the function defined on all of $\mathbb{R}$ by the formula $$f(x) \colon= \sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{1}{2^n} \cos \left( 3^n x \right).$$ How to show (rigorously but through elementary ...
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### A relation concerning the “sum of squares” counting function $r_2(n)$

Let $r_2(n)$ denote the number of ways in which a positive integer $n$ can be expressed as the sum of squares of two integers. Here the sign as well as order of summands matters. Also by convention we ...
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### Interesting sequence involving prime numbers jumping on the number line.

Udpate 4: Trying to characterize finite and infinite cycles. Update 3: All primes $a_0\ge29$ seem to either have infinite cycles or finite non-terminating cycles that converge to infinite cycles of ...
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### A curious coincidence in the series representation of $\zeta(7)$

Let $\zeta(n)$ denote the Riemann Zeta function defined for positive integers $n$ as usual by: $$\zeta(n)=\sum_{m=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{m^n}.$$ It is currently unknown whether there exists a series ...
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### Does this “almost all integers in order” sequence have a closed form?

Can you help me define a formula for the following sequence (first $130$ terms) : ...
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### A sequence similar to the Catalan numbers

The $n$-th Catalan number $c_n$ has the closed form $\frac1{n+1}\binom{2n}{n}$ and follows the recursion $c_n = \sum\limits_{i = 0}^{n-1} c_{n-1-i}c_i$ I am interested in the quantity $e_n$ which ...
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### Proving that $\sum_{k=0}^{2n} {2k \choose k } {2n \choose k}\left( \frac{-1}{2} \right)^k=4^{-n}~{2n \choose n}.$

I have happened to have proved this sum while attempting to prove another summation. Let $$S_n=\sum_{k=0}^{2n} {2k \choose k } {2n \choose k}\left( \frac{-1}{2} \right)^k$$ ${2k \choose k}$ is the ...
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