# Questions tagged [searching]

For questions about various search algorithms.

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### Algorithm wanted: Enumerate all subsets of a set in order of increasing sums

I'm looking for an algorithm but I don't quite know how to implement it. More importantly, I don't know what to google for. Even worse, I'm not sure it can be done in polynomial time. Given a set of ...
18k views

### Lower bound for finding second largest element

In a recent discussion, I came across the idea of proving a lower bound for the number of comparisons required to find the largest element in an array. The bound is $n - 1$. This is so because the set ...
2k views

### Twenty questions against a liar

Here's one that popped into my mind when I was thinking about binary search. I'm thinking of an integer between 1 and n. You have to guess my number. You win as soon as you guess the correct number. ...
301 views

### The “find my car” problem: proper interpretation and solution?

This has been asked at least twice here, but both questions have accepted answers which are wrong. I don't really know any good way to draw attention to the question besides asking again and being a ...
122 views

### Searching for a point on the real line

A pin is dropped at a random point $p$ on the real line, with $p$ determined from a normal distribution with mean $0$ and standard deviation $\sigma$. You are dropped on the real line at $x=0$ and ...
1k views

599 views

### Prove that a connected undirected graph G is bipartite if and only if there are no edges between nodes at the same level in any BFS tree for G

My question is in the title but to restate: Prove that a connected undirected graph $G$ is bipartite if and only if there are no edges between nodes at the same level in any BFS tree for $G$. (BFS ...
750 views

### Weakly unimodal function using Golden Section Search

I was going through the Golden Section Search https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_section_search and as I understand it should work for every unimodal function. Here, the definition of unimodal ...
161 views

### How to search between $n$ candidates from unknown position?

It might be involved more with search algorithm but I cannot think of any of them. Here is the problem: You are in a corridor that stretches infinitely in both directions. Your room is somewhere ...
2k views

### How to apply DFS on a disconnected graph.

I was wondering how to go about solving a problem with disconnected graphs and depth-first search. Here is an example of a disconnected graph. How would I go through it in DFS? My current ...
71 views

### Smart enumeration of a subset of graphs obtained from a parent graph

Suppose i have a graph $G$ of $n$ nodes. For each node someone has given us a recipe $R$ how to replace the node with a graph. So for node $i$, i have $m_i$ choices of graphs to replace it with. Thus, ...
521 views

### Algorithm to find difference between two array members

I have a question concerning algorithms and time complexity(analysis).So I have a field A,which is sorted and has natural numbers where n is >=2(ascending order).How would you write an algorithm which ...
36 views

### How to implement an algorithm for specific kinds of search in a graph

Imagine i have a graph called G. G has some parts. In one part, every node describes a person. I have another part in G which contains interests as nodes. ( Imagine that person A likes music. So, ...
39 views

### Does this search method exist and what is it called?

I would like to search some function $f(x)$ "greedily" for a certain condition. Assume the condition $c = f(x_1)$ returned by this function is currently false and I can increase the input $x$ to the ...
60 views

### Exploiting geometric invariants via group theory

Let $T$ be the set of all plane triangles. The problem is to find $t \in T$ s.t.h. a predicate $P(t)$ holds. At present, I'm doing this by a form of randomized search procedure (effectively via a ...
36 views

### Need help understanding a simplification in a simultaneous search model.

The problem I am trying to solve is $\max_{k \in \mathbb{N}} \int_0^1 u d F(u)^k - ck$, where the associated utility is an iid random variable U following $F(\cdot)$ on [0,1]. $c > 0$ is the ...
724 views

### Searching Algorithm

A company database has 10,000 customers sorted by last name, 20% of whom are known to be good customers. When looking up a customer’s record in the database, the good customers account for 60%. Two ...
755 views

### How to use binary search to find a function

I am reading somewhere that $$(\phi'(y))^{-1}=y^{-c_1}+y^{-c_2},$$ $c_1,c_2$ are some numbers, can be solved for $\phi$ using binary search. I am surprised because binary search binary search is used ...
31 views

### Binary search in merged arrays.

Given two arrays, sorted by ascending. Result array is first array and second at the end of first. Example: [1, 4, 7, 11] and [2, 3, 5]. Result array is [1, 4, 7, 11, 2, 3, 5]. How to find element ...
228 views

### Searching for random items in a set of lists

This is a programming question, but I'm interested in the math behind it so I think it's better asked here. Say I have a list of items and I'm looking for one item in the list that satisfies a ...
39 views

### Having objects trajctories and directions how to find where objects traverse same path?

I have N objects that travel on some trajectories (unique for each object). At each agent curve point we can get object speed (direction). Having some distance ...
157 views

### Is there a simple function which can be used to determine the two “next” search indexes in a binary search?

Edit: question simplified to remove confusion Assuming a sorted list of items with indexes from 1 to N, and given only an index number ...
31 views

### Binary Search, probability of element being found

What is the probability of an element being found? What would the math probability formula look like for an element being found? What is the probabilistic analysis of an element being found? I have ...