Questions tagged [roots-of-unity]

numbers $z$ such that $z^n=1$ for some natural number $n$; here usually $z$ is in $\mathbb C$ or some other field

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Prove that $\prod_{k=1}^{n-1}\sin\frac{k \pi}{n} = \frac{n}{2^{n-1}}$

Using $\text{n}^{\text{th}}$ root of unity $$\large\left(e^{\frac{2ki\pi}{n}}\right)^{n} = 1$$ Prove that $$\prod_{k=1}^{n-1}\sin\frac{k \pi}{n} = \frac{n}{2^{n-1}}$$
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Is $\sqrt 7$ the sum of roots of unity?

Let $a_n$ and $b_n$ be 2 sequences of $n$ rationals. Is it possible that $\sqrt 7 = \sum_{m=1}^{n} a_m (-1)^{b_m}$ ? Is it possible that $\sqrt{17}$ = $\sum_{m=1}^{n} a_m (-1)^{b_m}$ ? How to ...
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Concurrent lines proof for a regular 18-gon

Let $X_1 X_2 \dotsb X_{18}$ be a regular 18-gon. Show that $X_1 X_{10}$, $X_2 X_{13}$, and $X_3 X_{15}$ are concurrent. What would be the best way to prove this? I am actually struggling ...
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Complex numbers and Roots of unity

I have no clue how to begin these problems. How do I start? I don't think I should pound em out...Thanks. Let P be the set of $42^{\text{nd}}$ roots of unity, and let Q be the set of $70^{\text{th}}$...
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A Polygon is inscribed in a circle $\Gamma$

A regular polygon P is inscribed in a circle $\Gamma$. Let A, B, and C, be three consecutive vertices on the polygon P, and let M be a point on the arc AC of $\Gamma$ that does not contain B. Prove ...
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Roots of unity polynomial [duplicate]

Let $\omega=e^{\frac{2\pi i}{n}}$. Prove that $\Pi_{k=1}^{n-1} (1-\omega^k)=n.$ So far, I've tried brute-forcing it by expanding out the product, but it ended up getting too messy--and now I'm ...
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I'm trying to show that $$\prod_{j=1}^{n-1}\left(1-e^{2\pi ij/n}\right)=n$$ but am finding it surprisingly difficult. I know by symmetry that $$\prod_{j=1}^{n-1}\left(1-e^{2\pi ij/n}\right)=\prod_{... 0answers 413 views What is the condition for roots of conjugate reciprocal polynomials to be on the unit circle? Given an Nth order complex polynomial P(z) = \sum\limits_{n=0}^N a_nz^n such that a_n = a^*_{N-n} i.e. conjugate reciprocal, Lakatos and Losonczi mention that a necessary and sufficient condition ... 3answers 82 views Isomorphism of \mathbb Z[\xi]/\left<\xi-1\right> with \xi root of unity. I am trying to prove the following isomorphism but I am not sure how to. Let \xi=e^{2\pi i/p} and p a prime. Show$$\mathbb Z[\xi]/\left<\xi-1\right> \cong \mathbb F_p .$$I wanted to ... 4answers 336 views Complex numbers - roots of unity Let \omega be a complex number such that \omega^5 = 1 and \omega \neq 1. Find$$\frac{\omega}{1 - \omega^2} + \frac{\omega^2}{1 - \omega^4} + \frac{\omega^3}{1 - \omega} + \frac{\omega^4}{1 - \...
I'm being asked to prove that $$1 + \omega + \omega^2 + ... + \omega^{n-1} = 0$$ where $\omega \ne 1$ is an n-th root of unity, and I don't know where to start I feel like there's something terribly ...