# Questions tagged [polynomials]

For both basic and advanced questions on polynomials in any number of variables, including, but not limited to solving for roots, factoring, and checking for irreducibility.

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### Why can ALL quadratic equations be solved by the quadratic formula?

In algebra, all quadratic problems can be solved by using the quadratic formula. I read a couple of books, and they told me only HOW and WHEN to use this formula, but they don't tell me WHY I can use ...
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### A Topology such that the continuous functions are exactly the polynomials

I was wondering which fields $K$ can be equipped with a topology such that a function $f:K \to K$ is continuous if and only if it is a polynomial function $f(x)=a_nx^n+\cdots+a_0$. Obviously, the ...
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### Is there a general formula for solving Quartic (Degree $4$) equations?

There is a general formula for solving quadratic equations, namely the Quadratic Formula, or the Sridharacharya Formula: $$x = \frac{ -b \pm \sqrt{ b^2 - 4ac } }{ 2a }$$ For cubic equations of the ...
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### Rational roots of polynomials

Can one construct a sequence $(a_k)_{k\geqslant 0}$ of rational numbers such that, for every positive integer $n$ the polynomial $a_nX^n+a_{n-1}X^{n-1}+\cdots +a_0$ has exactly $n$ distinct rational ...
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### What actually is a polynomial?

I can perform operations on polynomials. I can add, multiply, and find their roots. Despite this, I cannot define a polynomial. I wasn't in the advanced mathematics class in 8th grade, then in 9th ...
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### How do I prove that $x^p-x+a$ is irreducible in a field with $p$ elements when $a\neq 0$?

Let $p$ be a prime. How do I prove that $x^p-x+a$ is irreducible in a field with $p$ elements when $a\neq 0$? Right now I'm able to prove that it has no roots and that it is separable, but I have not ...
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### A real number $x$ such that $x^n$ and $(x+1)^n$ are rational is itself rational

Let $x$ be a real number and let $n$ be a positive integer. It is known that both $x^n$ and $(x+1)^n$ are rational. Prove that $x$ is rational. What I have tried: Denote $x^n=r$ and $(x+1)^n=s$ ...
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### Number of monic irreducible polynomials of prime degree $p$ over finite fields

Suppose $F$ is a field s.t $\left|F\right|=q$. Take $p$ to be some prime. How many monic irreducible polynomials of degree $p$ do exist over $F$? Thanks!
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### Prove every odd integer is the difference of two squares

I know that I should use the definition of an odd integer ($2k+1$), but that's about it. Thanks in advance!
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### Only 12 polynomials exist with given properties

Prove that there are only 12 polynomials that have all real roots, and whose coefficients are all $-1$ or $1$. (zero coefficients are not allowed, and constant polynomials do not count.) Two of ...
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