# Questions tagged [number-theory]

Questions on advanced topics - beyond those in typical introductory courses: higher degree algebraic number and function fields, Diophantine equations, geometry of numbers / lattices, quadratic forms, discontinuous groups and and automorphic forms, Diophantine approximation, transcendental numbers, elliptic curves and arithmetic algebra geometry, exponential and character sums, Zeta and L-functions, multiplicative and additive number theory, etc.

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### Does every ring of integers sit inside a ring of integers that has a power basis?

Given a finite extension of the rationals, $K$, we know that $K=\mathbb{Q}[\alpha]$ by the primitive element theorem, so every $x \in K$ has the form $$x = a_0 + a_1 \alpha + \cdots + a_n \alpha^n,$$ ...
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### Does the average primeness of natural numbers tend to zero?

Note 1: This questions requires some new definitions, namely "continuous primeness" which I have made. Everyone is welcome to improve the definition without altering the spirit of the question. Click ...
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### A Nice Problem In Additive Number Theory

$\color{red}{\mathrm{Problem:}}$ $n\geq3$ is a given positive integer, and $a_1 ,a_2, a_3, \ldots ,a_n$ are all given integers that aren't multiples of $n$ and $a_1 + \cdots + a_n$ is also not a ...
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### $\forall n\in\mathbb N:n^x\in\mathbb Q$ implies $x\in\mathbb Z$ - elementary proof?

Consider the following two problems: Show that if for some $x\in\mathbb R$ and for each $n\in\mathbb N$ we have $n^x\in\mathbb N$, then $x\in\mathbb N$. Show that if for some $x\in\mathbb R$ ...
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### Given a positive integer $t$ does there always exist a natural number $k$ such that $(k!)^2$ is a factor of $(2k-t)!$?

For all natural numbers $k$ the ratio $$\frac{(2k)!}{(k!)^2}=\binom{2k}k$$ is an integer. From staring at the Pascal triangle long and hard, we know that these ratios grow rather quickly as $k$ ...
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### Are $3^6-6^3$ and $4^8-8^4$ the only sums of four $a^b-b^a,1\lt a\lt b$ numbers?
Question How many numbers of form $a_0^{b_0}-b_0^{a_0}$ are a "nontrivial" sum of four such numbers $a_i^{b_i}-b_i^{a_i}$ ? The "nontrivial" means: all unordered pairs $\{a_i,b_i\}$...