Questions tagged [matrices]

For any topic related to matrices. This includes: systems of linear equations, eigenvalues and eigenvectors (diagonalization, triangularization), determinant, trace, characteristic polynomial, adjugate and adjoint, transpose, Jordan normal form, matrix algorithms (e.g. LU, Gauss elimination, SVD, QR), invariant factors, quadratic forms, etc. For questions specifically concerning matrix equations, use the (matrix-equations) tag.

37,343 questions
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How to answer mathematical questions in the proper way

In my linear algebra class, I get the answer and everything right but lose points on the mathematical writing, symbols, notations etc ... Is there a comprehensive book or document that provides ...
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Proving: “The trace of an idempotent matrix equals the rank of the matrix”

How could we prove that the "The trace of an idempotent matrix equals the rank of the matrix"? This is another property that is used in my module without any proof, could anybody tell me how to prove ...
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Symmetric matrix is always diagonalizable?

I'm reading my linear algebra textbook and there are two sentences that make me confused. (1) Symmetric matrix $A$ can be factored into $A=Q\lambda Q^{T}$ where $Q$ is orthogonal matrix : ...
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Complexity of computing $ABx$ depends on the order of multiplication

To calculate $y = ABx$ where $A$ and $B$ are two $N\times N$ matrices and $x$ is an vector in $N$-dimensional space. there are two methods. One is to first calculate $z=Bx$, and then $y = Az$. This ...
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Sum of positive definite matrices still positive definite?

I have two matrices, which are square, symmetric, and positive definite. I would like to prove that the sum of the two matrices still have the same properties, that is square, symmetric, and positive ...
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A matrix is diagonalizable, so what?

I mean, you can say it's similar to a diagonal matrix, it has n independent eigenvectors, etc., but what's the big deal of having diagonalizability? Can I solidly perceive the differences between two ...
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Are one-by-one matrices equivalent to scalars?

I am a programmer, so to me $[x] \neq x$—a scalar in some sort of container is not equal to the scalar. However, I just read in a math book that for $1 \times 1$ matrices, the brackets are often ...
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Integer matrices with integer inverses

If all entries of an invertible matrix $A$ are rational, then all the entries of $A^{-1}$ are also rational. Now suppose that all entries of an invertible matrix $A$ are integers. Then it's not ...
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extracting rotation, scale values from 2d transformation matrix

How can I extract rotation and scale values from a 2D transformation matrix? ...
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Parenthesis vs brackets for matrices

When I first learned linear algebra, both the professor and the book used brackets like [ and ] to enclose matrices. However, in ...