# Questions tagged [jordan-normal-form]

The Jordan normal form of a matrix is a similar block matrix having diagonal blocks when the matrix is diagonalizable and diagonal + nilpotent blocks more generally.

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### Why does this matrix give the derivative of a function?

I happened to stumble upon the following matrix: $$A = \begin{bmatrix} a & 1 \\ 0 & a \end{bmatrix}$$ And after trying a bunch of different examples, I noticed the ...
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### An intuitive approach to the Jordan Normal form

I want to understand the meaning behind the Jordan Normal form, as I think this is crucial for a mathematician. As far as I understand this, the idea is to get the closest representation of an ...
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### Why do we need a Jordan normal form? [duplicate]

My professor said that the main idea of finding a Jordan normal form is to find the closest 'diagonal' matrix that is similar to a given matrix that does not have a similar matrix that is diagonal. I ...
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### How to calculate the matrix exponential explicitly for a matrix which isn't diagonalizable?

How can I compute an expression for $(\exp(Qt))_{i,j}$ for some fixed $i, j$ and matrix $Q$? When $Q$ is diagonalizable, we can diagonalize, but what can be done otherwise? Thanks.
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### Motivation for Jordan Canonical Form

I took linear algebra and understood the proof that linear operators on a vector space over an algebraically closed field have a Jordan Canonical Form. Why should I care about this theorem? I ...
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### Possible Jordan Canonical Forms Given Minimal Polynomial

I was supposed to find all possible Jordan canonical forms of a $5\times 5$ complex matrix with minimal polynomial $(x-2)^2(x-1)$ on a qualifying exam last semester. I took the polynomial to mean ...
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### Show that the characteristic polynomial is the same as the minimal polynomial

Let $$A =\begin{pmatrix}0 & 0 & c \\1 & 0 & b \\ 0& 1 & a\end{pmatrix}$$ Show that the characteristic and minimal polynomials of $A$ are the same. I have already computated ...
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### Jordan-Chevalley vs Jordan normal decomposition

I am confused about a proof of the Jordan-Chevalley decomposition I was reading in Peterson's linear algebra book. Let $T : V \to V$ be an $n$-dimensional operator on a complex vector space. The ...
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### Prove that $ND = DN$ where $D$ is a diagonalizable and $N$ is a nilpotent matrix.

Let $A$ be an $n \times n$ complex matrix. Prove that there exist a diagonalizable matrix $D$ and a nilpotent matrix $N$ such that a. A = D + N b. DN = ND and show that these matrices are uniquely ...
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### Conjugacy classes in $SU_2$

I'm trying to find all conjugacy classes in $SU_2$. Matrices in $SU_2$ are of the form: $M = \begin{bmatrix} \alpha & \beta \\ - \bar{\beta} & \bar{\alpha} \end{bmatrix}$...
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