# Questions tagged [group-theory]

A group is an algebraic structure consisting of a set of elements together with an operation that satisfies four conditions: closure, associativity, identity and invertibility. Group theory is the study of groups.

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### Geometric way to view the truncated braid groups?

This is perhaps a vague question, but hopefully there exists literature on the subject. The question is motivated by an answer I gave to this question. I also asked a related question on MO, although ...
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### Subgroups as isotropy subgroups and regular orbits on tuples

Is there some natural or character-theoretic description of the minimum value of d such that G has a regular orbit on Ωd, where G is a finite group acting faithfully on a set Ω? Motivation: In some ...
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### Can Erdős-Turán $\frac{5}{8}$ theorem be generalised that way?

Suppose for an arbitrary group word $w$ ower the alphabet of $n$ symbols $\mathfrak{U_w}$ is a variety of all groups $G$, that satisfy an identity $\forall a_1, … , a_n \in G$ $w(a_1, … , a_n) = e$. ...
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### What is $\tau(A_n)$?

Suppose G is a finite group. Define $\tau(G)$ as the minimal number, such that $\forall X \subset G$ if $|X| > \tau(G)$, then $XXX = \langle X \rangle$. What is $\tau(A_n)$? Similar problems for ...
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### Is there a “ping-pong lemma proof” that $\langle x \mapsto x+1,x \mapsto x^3 \rangle$ is a free group of rank 2?

Let $f,g\colon \mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ be the permutations defined by $f\colon x \mapsto x+1$ and $g\colon x \mapsto x^3$, or maybe even have $g\colon x \mapsto x^p$, $p$ an odd prime. In the book, ...
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### Iwahori versus Bruhat decompositions

I am faced with the following issue that I do not understand but seems contradictory, coming from the book of Roberts and Schmidt about $GSp(4)$. Consider a local non-archimedean field $F$, let $p$ be ...
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### Abstract proof that $\lvert H^2(G,A)\rvert$ counts group extensions.

$\DeclareMathOperator{\Hom}{Hom}$ $\DeclareMathOperator{\im}{im}$ $\DeclareMathOperator{\id}{id}$ $\DeclareMathOperator{\ext}{Ext}$ $\newcommand{\Z}{\mathbb{Z}}$ Let $G$ be a group, let $A$ be a $G$-...
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### Description of Levi factors and unipotent radicals of parabolic subgroups in classical groups

For an algebraic group $G$ over an algebraically closed field $k$, a parabolic subgroup $P$ has factorization $P = Q \rtimes L$, where $Q$ is the unipotent radical of $P$ and $L$ is some Levi factor ...
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### How big must the union of a group's Sylow p-subgroups be?

For various orders $n$ it's a common exercise to prove that a finite group $G$ of order $n$ can't be simple by using the Sylow theorems to show that there is some prime $p \mid n$ such that the number ...
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### Groups of order $180$, $540$, $1080$ are not simple.

Here's how I solve the problems. Thanks for pointing out what might be the weakness of my solutions. Actually, what I want are other ways of solving this kind of problems, appart from counting the ...
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### If $g$ is commutator then so is $g^m$ for $(m,o(g))=1$

There are certain theorems in finite group theory whose proofs involve character theory and for which there are still no character-free proofs. Among such is Frobenius theorem on transitive ...
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### If $G \bigoplus H$ is isomorphic to a proper subgroup of itself, then must the same be true of one of $G$ and $H$?

Let $G$ and $H$ are groups. If $G \bigoplus H$ is isomorphic to a proper subgroup of itself, then must the same be true of one of $G$ and $H$? (at least H or G) I found some examples of $G$ such ...
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### Maximal subgroups that force solvability.

For which finite groups $M$ is it the case that every finite group $G$ with $M$ as a maximal subgroup solvable? If $M$ satisfies this condition then $M$ is solvable. Also, if $M$ is abelian then $M$ ...
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### Have “groupy” numbers been studied before?

In number theory, a positive integer $n$ is called highly composite if it has more divisors than any smaller positive integer. This notion has been studied by several notable mathematicians; for ...
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### Subgroups of $\text{Spin}(7)$.

I am interested in subgroups of $\text{Spin}(7)$ and identifying certain elementary properties that they have. Specifically relating to commutativity. Let me apologise at this point for my ignorance ...
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### Monomial characters of direct product

Let $G$ be a finite group and let $\text{Irr}(G)$ be the set of irreducible complex characters of $G$. A character $\chi\in\text{Irr}(G)$ is monomial if there exists a subgroup $H\leq G$ and a linear ...
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### The division algebras arising in the Wedderburn decomposition of a finite group modulo its radical in characteristic $p$

The following question is probably straightforward for those who know. However, I am used to working either over splitting fields or in characteristic zero. Question. Let $G$ be a finite ...
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### Higman group with 3 generators is trivial

The group $G$ generated by $x,y,z$ subject to the relations $[x,y]=y$, $[y,z]=z$, $[z,x]=x$ is trivial. This isn't the case for the corresponding group with 4 generators, which is the famous Higman ...
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### What groups are semidirect products of simple groups?

The question I want to ask is actually slightly broader than that in the title: what is the smallest class of finite groups which contains all finite simple groups groups, and is closed under ...
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### Was Atiyah's proof of the odd order (Feit-Thompson) theorem false?

I read last year that Atiyah thought he had found a proof of the odd order theorem of only 12 pages, using $K$-theory, and that people were trying to figure out if it was correct or not. But I never ...
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### $\text{SL}(2, \mathbb{F}_q)$, for which characters is the $G$-representation irreducible?

Followup to here. Let $\mathbb{F}$ be a finite field with $q$ elements, and let $G = \text{SL}_2(\mathbb{F})$. The group $G$ acts linearly on the $2$-dimensional vector space $\mathbb{F}^2$ and fixes ...
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### Induced representation, Ind(Res(U))

I am reading a book of Fulton and Harris "Representation theory, a first course". Now it's all about representation theory of finite groups, and there is one exercise, which I can't solve: If $U$ is ...
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### Attempt to prove that every subgroup is an equalizer

I'm trying to prove: For any subgroup $H$ of $G$, there is a group $T$ and homomorphisms $f,g:G\to T$ such that $f(x)=g(x)$ iff $x\in H$. My idea is to construct a group which contains two copies ...
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### How strong is the statement that Thompson F is amenable?

Justin Moore's proof turned out to have an error I just attended Justin Moore's talk on this today. Since I am neither a group theorist nor a combinatorist, and is not familiar with ultrafilters I ...
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### Are groups with this property already studied?

Let $\Omega$ be a finite group, let $G$ be a subgroup of $\Omega$ and let $S$ be a set of subgroups of $\Omega$ such that for $H, H'\in S$ we have $H\cap H' \in S$ and $\langle H, H' \rangle \in S$. ...
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### Does asymmetric fraction of finite groups tend to $0$?

Let’s define asymmetric fraction of a finite group $G$ as the number $af(G) = \frac{|\{(g, a) \in G \times Aut(G)| a(g) = g\}|}{|G||Aut(G)|}$. Equivalently it can be defined as $P(A(X) = X)$, where $A$...
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### Raising to the power of $i$

We all know the usual exponentiation $a^i$ in the complex setting; one can ask is there such a map in a given group; more specifically is there a criterion in the general sense such that given an ...
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### Is there a theory of “almost symmetry” generalizing group theory?

Apologies for the inescapably soft question. Does there exist a theory that aims to develop tools analogous to those of group theory, except for the study of objects that are merely almost ...
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### Is there a categorification of “(virtually) solvable”?

If this question doesn't make sense or is otherwise poor quality, then I'm sorry. Motivation: As part of my research, I study virtually solvable (1) groups. These are goups that have a solvable ...
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### Small group characterizing identity matrix

I am looking for a small (say, finite and of small cardinality) subgroup of the general linear group whose centralizer consists only of scalar matrices. I work over complex numbers. A more precise ...
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### Derived functors of abelianization

The abelianization functor from the category of groups to that of abelian groups is right exact in the sense that it takes a short exact sequence $$1 \to K \to G \to H \to 1$$ to a shorter exact ...
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### Counting the number of elements in a double coset

Let $G$ denote the groups of $n\times n$ invertible matrices and $H$ be the subgroup of invertible upper triangular matrices. For $n=2$, by row reduction, or equivalently LU decomposition, it is ...
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### Classification of triply transitive finite groups

A permutation group $G$ on a set $X$ is said to be $k$-transitive if it is both transitive on $X$ and either $k=1$ or the point stabilizer $G_x$ is $(k-1)$-transitive on $X\setminus\{x\}$. Is there ...
### Geometrical interpretation of a group action of $SU_2$ on $\mathbb S^3$
Background There're some nomenclatures from Michael Artin's Algebra to explain. 3-Sphere, or $\mathbb S^3$, is the locus of $x_0^2+x_1^2+x_2^2+x_3^2=1$, where $(x_0,x_1,x_2,x_3)\in\mathbb R^4$. $SU_2$...