# Questions tagged [functional-analysis]

Functional analysis, the study of infinite-dimensional vector spaces, often with additional structures (inner product, norm, topology), with typical examples given by function spaces. The subject also includes the study of linear and non-linear operators on these spaces and other topics. For basic questions about functions use more suitable tags like (functions), (functional-equations) or (elementary-set-theory).

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### Witt's proof of Gelfand-Mazur / Ostrowski's theorem

Now asked on MathOverflow. Background: It seems that, after his groundbreaking work on quadratic forms and inventing Witt vectors, Ernst Witt developed the hobby of giving extremely short proofs to ...
• 26.3k
835 views

### defining a topology by its compact sets

The goal. Let $X$ be a set endowed with Hausdorff topologies $\tau_w$ and $\tau_n$, such that $\tau_w\subseteq\tau_n$. Let $\mathscr{C}$ denote a family of subsets $A\subseteq X$, which satisfies ...
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### Compact set of probability measures

I think I can solve the following exercise if $X$ is assumed to be separable, otherwise I can't. Let $X$ be a (Hausdorff) locally compact space, $\pi\colon X \to Y$ a continuous map into a ...
• 291
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### Why is the numerical range of an operator convex?

Let $T$ be a Hilbert space operator. Its numerical range is $$W(T)=\{\langle Tx,x\rangle:\|x\|=1\}.$$ It is a well-known fact that $W(T)$ is a convex subset of the complex ...
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$\DeclareMathOperator{\diam}{diam}\newcommand{\norm}[1]{\lVert#1\rVert}\newcommand{\abs}[1]{\lvert#1\rvert}$For $u \in C^{1}(\overline{\Omega})$, for $\Omega\subset \subset \mathbb{R^{n}}$ a bounded ...
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### Lagrange multipliers in Calculus of Variations

I am trying to learn about Calculus of Variations and I am beginning to see some constrained optimization problems in the domain of functionals, by using Lagrange multipliers. It seems that things ...
• 3,036
731 views

### Does there exist $f:\Bbb{R}\to \Bbb{R}$ additive onto function such that $f(F) \subset \Bbb{R}$ has the property of Baire for every $F$?

Let $F\subset\Bbb{R}$ intersect every uncountable $\mathcal{F}_{\sigma}$ set. $B\subset \Bbb{R}$ is said to have the property of Baire if $B=U\triangle M$ where $U$ is open and $M$ is meager. Does ...
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### If a map between separable Banach spaces has closed graph, does it have a point of continuity?

It is well known that the closed graph theorem does not directly extend to nonlinear maps: even for functions from $\mathbb{R}$ to $\mathbb{R}$, having closed graph does not imply continuity. But let'...
298 views

### Is $\frac{1}{H(x) \pm i0}$ a distribution if $|\nabla H| \neq 0$ for $H(x)=0$?

I know that $\frac{1}{x \pm i0}$ is a tempered distribution in $\mathcal{S}'(\mathbb{R})$, see e.g. the Sokhotski–Plemelj theorem. In some lecture notes online I found the following statement (without ...
927 views

### Nuclear spaces vs Banach spaces

The Wikipedia article on nuclear spaces say the following: "There are no Banach spaces that are nuclear, except for the finite-dimensional ones. In practice a sort of converse to this is often true: ...
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### On the weak and strong convergence of an iterative sequence

I have some difficulties in the following problem. I would like to thank for all kind help and construction. Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional real Hilbert space and $F: H\rightarrow H$ be a ...
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### $L^p$ spaces with negative $p$

Let $p$ be a negative real number and $X$ a measure space. Define $L^p(X)$ to be the vector space of all measurable functions $X \to \mathbb{C}$. Then define a "norm" on this space as is usual in the ...
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### Motivations for and connections between the topologies of Vietoris, Fell and Chabauty

My main interest is in the Chabauty topology on the space of closed subgroups of a locally compact topological group, merely out of curiosity. Wikipedia states "it is an adaptation of the Fell ...
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### Are the unconditionally convergent series, with terms in a Banach algebra, closed under the Cauchy product?

We have a Banach algebra $\mathbb L$, and two sequences $(A_0,A_1,A_2,\cdots),\;(B_0,B_1,B_2,\cdots)\in\mathbb L^{\mathbb N}$, for which the sums $\sum_{n\in\mathbb N}A_n,\;\sum_{n\in\mathbb N}B_n$ ...
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