# Questions tagged [functional-analysis]

Functional analysis, the study of infinite-dimensional vector spaces, often with additional structures (inner product, norm, topology), with typical examples given by function spaces. The subject also includes the study of linear and non-linear operators on these spaces and other topics. For basic questions about functions use more suitable tags like (functions), (functional-equations) or (elementary-set-theory).

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### How can I write $\frac{1}{(a+x)}$ as an exponential function $y = Ce^{-kx}$?

How can I write $\frac{1}{a+x}$, $a$ a non-zero positive constant, in exponential terms in the form of $y = Ce^{-kx}$? I've tried to use to Taylor series but they only seem to work for $x < 1$.
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### Extrapolation of an analytical function

Given a function $f:z\mapsto f(z)$ for a discrete set of points in the real interval $z\in[a,b]$ and the knowledge that $f$ is analytical along the real axis and that its Fourier transform is real ...
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### On the properties of the Sobolev Spaces $H^s$

Let $H^s(\mathbb{R}^d):= \{ u \in \mathcal{S}' : (1+|\xi|^2)^{s/2}\hat{u}(\xi) \in L^2(\mathbb{R}^d)\}$. It can be shown that this space is a Hilbert space and that $H^s \subset H^t$ if $t \leq s$....
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### When is the image of a linear operator closed?

Let $X$, $Y$ be Banach spaces. Let $T:X\rightarrow Y$ be a bounded linear operator. Under what circumstances is the image of $T$ closed in $Y$ (except finite-dimensional image). In particular, I ...
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### What is the ''right" norm for the Banach space tensor product in this situation?

Let $X,Y$ denote (real) vector spaces. The vector space of $n$-linear maps $X^n \to Y$ will be denoted by $L^n(X,Y)$. Unless I'm much mistaken $$L(X,L(X,Y)) \ \ \ L^2(X,Y) \ \ \ L(X \otimes X,Y)$$ ...
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### Hardy Spaces on the unit disk and $\mathbb R^n$

Is there a connection between the Hardy Spaces on the unit disk and on $\mathbb R^n$?. If so, can we use results from the Hardy Spaces on the unit disk to prove $(H^1)^* = \text{BMO}$? Further, what ...
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### construction of a linear functional in $\mathcal{C}([0,1])$

Can someone help me to construct a linear functional in $\mathcal{C}([0,1])$ that does not attain its norm? Actually, I want to prove that $\mathcal{C}([0,1])$ is not reflexive Banach space. Is it ...
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### Closed Subspaces of Vector Spaces

Question: In Functional Analysis we can note things like: every closed subspace of a Banach space is Banach. In this case, what does "closed subspace" mean? Does this mean closed under the norm ...
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### Euler-Lagrange expression uniformly non-negative

If you form the Euler-Lagrange equation for some calculus of variations problem in x, f(x) and f'(x), and the resulting expression is always non-negative over the domain of x (because the expression ...
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### Weak convergence in Sobolev spaces

Consider the inner product by $\langle f,g \rangle_{H^1} = \langle f, g \rangle_{L^2} + \sum_{|\alpha|=1} \langle D^\alpha f, D^\alpha g \rangle_{L^2}$ where $\alpha$ is a multi-index and $D$ denotes ...
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### On the limits of weakly convergent subsequences

Let $\{ f_n \}$ be a sequence in a Hilbert space $L^2(\mathbb{R}^d)$. We say that this sequence converges weakly to an element $f \in L^2$ if $\langle f_n, g \rangle \to \langle f,g \rangle$ for every ...
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### Hilbert Space - Norm of derivative

If $H$ is a Hilbert space of entire functions with weighted norm $||f||^{2}=\int_{R} |\frac{f(t)}{g(t)}|^{2}dt$ for some entire function $g$ (not necessary in $H$). Can we find any relation between ...
The method of Lagrange multipliers is used to find the extrema of $f(x)$ subject to the constraints $\vec g(x)=0$, where $x=(x_1,\dots,x_n)$ and $\vec g=(g_1,\dots,g_m)$ for $m \leq n$. Although ...