# Questions tagged [fourier-analysis]

Fourier analysis, also known as spectral analysis, encompasses all sorts of Fourier expansions, including Fourier series, Fourier transform and the discrete Fourier transform (and relatives). The non-commutative analog is (representation-theory).

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### Why is Fourier Analysis effective for studying uniform distributions

On his great expository article about the naturality of the Zeta function in number theory, Tim Gowers makes the following claim: When it comes to the primes, we find that we do not have a good ...
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### The number $\pi$ in an unexpected context

[This is a follow-up question to this one: Figures and Numbers: Relating properties of geometric shapes and their Fourier series.] Drawing shapes by some predefined Fourier series I found this square ...
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### Difficult Fourier transform exercise

I am currently dealing with a problem in functional analysis where I want to show the following. Let $\phi_{k+1}(x):=\sqrt{2} \sum_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} h(n) \phi_k(2x-n)$ and $\phi_0= \chi_{[0,1]},$ if ...
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### Fourier transform of integral related to zeta function

In this MO question here, I asked about the Fourier transform of the zeta function. The second answer lists the following as a representation for $\zeta(s)$, with $E(x)$ as the floor function: \begin{...
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### Computing the Fourier transform of the distribution $\|x\|^{-\alpha}$.

Question: Suppose we are given the tempered distribution $\|x\|^{-\alpha}$. We want to compute the Fourier transform $\mathcal{F}[\|x\|^{-\alpha}](\xi)$. What techniques are available for ...
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### For $f \in C_c^\infty(\mathbb{R})$, does $\hat{f}(k)\sum_{j=0}^n \frac{(-k^2)^j}{j!}$ converge to $\hat{f}(k)e^{-k^2}$ in $L^2(\mathbb{R})$.

As the title states: For $f \in C_c^\infty(\mathbb{R})$, does $\hat{f}(k)\sum_{j=0}^n \frac{(-k^2)^j}{j!}$ converge to $\hat{f}(k)e^{-k^2}$ in $L^2(\mathbb{R})$ where $C_c^\infty(\mathbb{R})$ is the ...
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### How to classify/ solve this PDE?

I am searching how to solve the PDE below but I can not seem to find a decent example online. My major did not focus much in solving PDEs so I feel very deficient. I know how to solve for the steady ...
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### Fourier transform and non-standard calculus

The Fourier transform is not as easily formalizable as the Fourier series. For example, one needs to introduce tempered distributions to define the Dirac delta-function. Also, it is impossible to view ...
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I'm trying to verify the following estimate, which appears in a paper I'm reading. It seems I'm missing something easy, I just can't figure this out. $\textbf{Background}:$ For a function $f \in \... 0answers 137 views ### Is this a spectral decomposition/embedding/isometry? Given a symmetric p.s.d matrix G, we know that a gram matrix/inner-product representation, X exists where$G=X^TX$and$X=U\lambda^{1/2}$via the eigen decomposition of$G$. Now if I take the same ... 0answers 602 views ### Fourier dimension of a measure restricted to an open set Suppose that the measure$\mu$on$\mathbb{R}^n$has Fourier dimension$\beta$, which is to say that \begin{equation*} \beta= \sup\left\{\gamma \leq n : |\hat{\mu}(x)| \leq C(1+|x|)^{-\gamma/2}\right\... 0answers 67 views ### Density of a class of function in$L^2(\mathbb{R}, e^x\,dx)$Consider the class of function defined by $$\mathcal{G}=\operatorname{Span}\left\{e^{-\frac{(x+a)^2}{2}}-e^{-x}e^{-\frac{(x+a)^2}{2}}\mid a\in\mathbb{R}\right\}.$$ Is$\mathcal{G}$dense in$L^2(\...
Statement Consider an advanced functional differential equation $$Lf(x) = f(2x+\pi)+f(2x-\pi),\quad L\equiv\frac{d^2}{dx^2}+1. \tag{1}$$ Let's construct a solution of Eq. $(1)$ with finite ...