# Questions tagged [fourier-analysis]

Fourier analysis, also known as spectral analysis, encompasses all sorts of Fourier expansions, including Fourier series, Fourier transform and the discrete Fourier transform (and relatives). The non-commutative analog is (representation-theory).

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### Different methods to compute $\sum\limits_{k=1}^\infty \frac{1}{k^2}$ (Basel problem)

As I have heard people did not trust Euler when he first discovered the formula (solution of the Basel problem) $$\zeta(2)=\sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{1}{k^2}=\frac{\pi^2}{6}.$$ However, Euler was Euler ...
14answers
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### Fourier transform for dummies

What is the Fourier transform? What does it do? Why is it useful (in math, in engineering, physics, etc)? This question is based on the question of Kevin Lin, which didn't quite fit at Mathoverflow. ...
3answers
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### How to calculate the Fourier transform of a Gaussian function?

I would like to work out the Fourier transform of the Gaussian function $$f(x) = \exp \left(-n^2(x-m)^2 \right)$$ It seems likely that I will need to use differentiation and the shift rule at some ...
4answers
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### Closed form for $\sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{1}{(n-a)^2+b^2}$.

What is the closed form for $\sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{1}{(n-a)^2+b^2}$? We can use Fourier series of $e^{-bx}$ ($|x|<\pi$) to evaluate $\sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{1}{n^2+b^2}$. But this ...
3answers
32k views

### Derivative of convolution

Assume that $f(x),g(x)$ are positive and are in $L^1$. Moreover, they are differentiable and their derivative is integrable. Let $h(x)=f(x)*g(x)$, the convolution of $f$ and $g$. Does the derivative ...
3answers
2k views

### Dirac Delta or Dirac delta function?

Is Dirac delta a function? What is its contribution to analysis? What I know about it: It is infinite at 0 and 0 everywhere else. Its integration is 1 and I know how does it come.
4answers
1k views

### A log improper integral

Evaluate : $$\int_0^{\frac{\pi}{2}}\ln ^2\left(\cos ^2x\right)\text{d}x$$ I found it can be simplified to $$\int_0^{\frac{\pi}{2}}4\ln ^2\left(\cos x\right)\text{d}x$$ I found the exact value in the ...
2answers
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2answers
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### Fourier transform as diagonalization of convolution

I've read this in a lot of places but never quite got how this is true or meant. Let's say we have a convolution Operator $$A_f(g) = \int f(\tau)g(t-\tau)d\tau$$ and apply it to $g(t)=e^{ikt}$. ...
2answers
3k views

### Compactly supported function whose Fourier transform decays exponentially?

It's well known now that a function can not be compactly supported both on the space side and the frequency side (so-called uncertainty principle). On the other hand a function can have exponential ...
2answers
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### Integration (Fourier transform)

$\mathrm{Re}(i) = 0$, but the fourier transform of $f(x) = e^{-ix^2}$ is $g(\alpha) = \sqrt{\pi\over i}\times e^{i\alpha^2 \over 4}$, is it not? Is there an easy to show that it is so, knowing the ...
1answer
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### Fourier cosine transforms of Schwartz functions and the Fejer-Riesz theorem

This question spanned from a previous interesting one. Let $k$ be a real number greater than $2$ and $$\varphi_k(\xi) = \int_{0}^{+\infty}\cos(\xi x) e^{-x^k}\,dx$$ the Fourier cosine transform of a ...
1answer
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### Calculating the Fourier transform of $\frac{\sinh(kx)}{\sinh(x)}$

I'm trying to compute $$\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{\sinh(kx)}{\sinh(x)}e^{-i\omega x} \ dx$$ i.e. the Fourier transform of $x\mapsto \frac{\sinh(kx)}{\sinh(x)}$, where $0<k<1$ is fixed. But I'...
1answer
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1answer
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### Fourier transform of the indicator of the unit ball

What is the Fourier transform of the indicator of the unit ball in $\mathbb R^n$? I think it is known as one of special functions, so I would be happy to know which one.
5answers
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### Fourier Analysis

I am interested in Fourier Analysis. But I don't get why the coefficients are choosen that way and why the Fourier series will converge to a given function? Can someone provide me simple information ...