# Questions tagged [euclidean-geometry]

Geometry assuming the parallel postulate: in a plane, given a line and a point not on that line, there is exactly one line parallel to the given line through the given point.

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### Locus and concurrent lines

This will be my first question :-) Let $\mathcal{D}_1$ and $\mathcal{D}_2$ two concurrent lines, and $F$ a point in the plane, and $H$ and $G$ its images by the symmetries of axis $\mathcal{D}_1$ and ...
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### Triangle from lengths of angle bisectors

According to http://www.cut-the-knot.org/triangle/TriangleFromBisectors.shtml it is impossible to construct a triangle from the lengths of its angle bisectors. Is there a more comprehensive account of ...
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### Distribution or bounds for maximum Cartesian coordinate sampled from the sufarce of an n-sphere

It's been said that for high dimensions a hypersphere is "nearly all equator". The amount of space near the poles is just ridiculously small. This of course means that from a uniformly random sample ...
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### Projection of 5 skew lines

Given five skew lines, is it possible to find a point $P$ and a plane $\pi$ such that the projections of the five lines from $P$ onto $\pi$ intersect in the same point $Q$? [editet: rewritten clearly, ...
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### Geometry/ Similar Triangles Problem

Consider the trangle shown below with vertices A, B, C where point D lies on the side AB, point E lies on the side BC and point F lies on the side AC and the three lines AE, BF, and CD intersect at a ...
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### Aren't asteroids contradicting Euler's rotation theorem?

I am totally confused about Euler's rotation theorem. Normally I would think that an asteroid could rotate around two axes simultaneously. But Euler's rotation theorem states that: In geometry, ...
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### Diffraction and Computer Generated Holography Calculations

I've tried this through Mathematica, and hit my own limit in math ability trying to do this, both to no avail. I'm assuming there is no way to do so, as a simple solution to this problem would be a ...
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### Prove three sides make a triangle from basic assumptions

I've been working through The Four Pillars of Geometry by John Stillwell. In exercise 2.5.3 he asks, How can we be sure that lengths $a,b,c>0$ with $a^2+b^2=c^2$ actually fit together to make a ...
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### If the Minkowski sum of two convex closed sets is a Euclidean ball, then can the two sets be anything other than Euclidean balls?

If for two convex closed sets $S_1$ and $S_2$, the Minkowski sum is a Euclidean ball then can $S_1$ and $S_2$ be anything other than Euclidean balls themselves. I suspect they can be but I haven't ...
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### equation of the hyperplane orthogonal to the general line v

Given a line v in $R^n$ from point a to point b, what is the general equation of the hyperplane that passes through a and is orthogonalto v? Ideally I am looking for the general solution in arbitrary ...
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### Existence of $\pi$ [duplicate]

Possible Duplicates: Why is the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter independent of the circle? Proof that Pi is constant (the same for all circles), without using limits ...
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### Similar - perspective triangles implies corresponding sides are parallel?

In a general homothetic transformation, if two triangles have corresponding sides parallel then the lines joining respective vertices are concurrent at the homothetic center. I was wondering if the ...
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### Dissecting a square into congruent pieces that all touch the centre

Edited for clarity: I thought I had a complete set of solutions to this: Cut a square into identical pieces so that they all touch the center point. It became clear, after some discussions, that ...
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### Solving some geometry problems using involutions

Some geometry problems ( like this and this ) have short solutions if we use involutions. What references are there for solving geometry problems using involutions? I am particularly interested in ...
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### Reflecting a point over a line created by two other points

This problem came up while discussing using a simplex to solve systems of equations. (By the way, yes, this is very similar to this one.) Given three points, how do I find the location of the point ...
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### Distance between two ranges

I'm working on a clustering algorithm to group similar objects that are represented by ranges of real numbers. Let's say that I have a group of people who are buying sugar. Each of them defines ...