# Questions tagged [diophantine-equations]

Use for questions about finding integer or rational solutions to polynomial equations.

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### Find five positive integers whose reciprocals sum to $1$

Find a positive integer solution $(x,y,z,a,b)$ for which $$\frac{1}{x}+ \frac{1}{y} + \frac{1}{z} + \frac{1}{a} + \frac{1}{b} = 1\;.$$ Is your answer the only solution? If so, show why. I was ...
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### Pythagorean triples that “survive” Euler's totient function

Suppose you have three positive integers $a, b, c$ that form a Pythagorean triple: \begin{equation} a^2 + b^2 = c^2. \tag{1}\label{1} \end{equation} Additionally, suppose that when you apply Euler's ...
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### Decomposing polynomials with integer coefficients

Can every quadratic with integer coefficients be written as a sum of two polynomials with integer roots? (Any constant $k \in \mathbb{Z}$, including $0$, is also allowed as a term for simplicity's ...
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### How to compute rational or integer points on elliptic curves

This is an attempt to get someone to write a canonical answer, as discussed in this meta thread. We often have people come to us asking for solutions to a diophantine equation which, after some clever ...
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### Linear diophantine equation $100x - 23y = -19$

I need help with this equation: $$100x - 23y = -19.$$ When I plug this into Wolfram|Alpha, one of the integer solutions is $x = 23n + 12$ where $n$ is a subset of all the integers, but I can't seem ...
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### Does the equation $x^4+y^4+1 = z^2$ have a non-trivial solution?

The background of this question is this: Fermat proved that the equation, $$x^4+y^4 = z^2$$ has no solution in the positive integers. If we consider the near-miss, $$x^4+y^4-1 = z^2$$ then this has ...
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### Diophantine applications of Spec?

Let $f(\bar x)$ be a multivariable polynomial with integer coefficients. The zeros of that polynomial are in bijection with the homomorphisms $\mathbb Z[\bar x] \rightarrow \mathbb Z$ that factor ...
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### The equation $x^3 + y^3 = z^3$ has no integer solutions - A short proof

Can someone provide the proof of the special case of Fermat's Last Theorem for $n=3$, i.e., that $$x^3 + y^3 = z^3,$$ has no positive integer solutions, as briefly as possible? I have seen some ...
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### For what kind of positive integers $m+n+m^2+n^2 \mid m^3+n^3$ holds?

Determine all pairs of positive integers $(m, n)$ such that$$\frac{m^3+n^3}{m^2+n^2+m+n}$$is an integer. This is a simpler version of a problem that I made a few years ago. There are infinitely many ...
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### Trigonometric diophantine equation $8\sin^2\left(\frac{(k+1)\pi}{n}\right)=n\sin\left(\frac{2\pi}{n}\right)$

Background. I thought up the problem of finding a regular $n$-sided polygon that has a diagonal with length $d_k$ such that the area of the polygon equals ${d_k}^2$. (Let $d_k$ denote the length of a ...
### What is the smallest integer greater than 1 such that $\frac12$ of it is a perfect square and $\frac15$ of it is a perfect fifth power?
What is the smallest integer greater than 1 such that $\frac12$ of it is a perfect square and $\frac15$ of it is a perfect fifth power? I have tried multiplying every perfect square (up to 400 by two ...