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Questions tagged [characters]

For questions about characters (traces of representations of a group on a vector space).

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Subgroups as isotropy subgroups and regular orbits on tuples

Is there some natural or character-theoretic description of the minimum value of d such that G has a regular orbit on Ωd, where G is a finite group acting faithfully on a set Ω? Motivation: In some ...
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exercise in Isaacs's book on Character Theory

I'm stuck on an exercise in Isaacs's book "Character Theory of Finite Groups" - it relates to something I'm looking at as part of ongoing research, but I guess it belongs here rather than on ...
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Formula for number of solutions to $x^4+y^4=1$, from Ireland and Rosen #8.18.

There is a sequence of three exercise in Ireland and Rosen's Introduction to Modern Number Theory, Chapter 8, page 106. I can do the first two, but can't finish the third. I can include the proofs to ...
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If $g$ is commutator then so is $g^m$ for $(m,o(g))=1$

There are certain theorems in finite group theory whose proofs involve character theory and for which there are still no character-free proofs. Among such is Frobenius theorem on transitive ...
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Do all algebraic integers in some $\mathbb{Z}[\zeta_n]$ occur among the character tables of finite groups?

The values of irreducible characters of a finite groups are always sums of roots of unity; do all sums of roots of unity (i.e. algebraic integers in the maximal abelian extension of $\mathbb{Q}$) ...
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Character theory of $2$-Frobenius groups.

Edit Summary: I've posted this on MO and received a partial answer there. Can anybody help me expand on this? Definition. Let $G$ be a finite group and $F_1=\text{Fit}\,G$ and $F_2/F=\text{Fit}\...
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Applications of Character Theory

Some of the applications of character theory are the proofs of Burnside $p^aq^b$ theorem, Frobenius theorem and factorization of the group determinant (the problem which led Frobenius to character ...
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How to show a representation is irreducible?

I have a professor who says that I should be able to show a representation is irreducible simply by looking at its trace (with other possible conditions), but after researching this for a while, I ...
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Where does this elliptic curve come from?

In Zeta functions of an infinite family of K3 surfaces, Scott Alhgren, Ken Ono and David Penniston compute the zeta functions (given a good reduction restriction mentioned below) of the K3 surfaces $...
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Monomial characters of direct product

Let $G$ be a finite group and let $\text{Irr}(G)$ be the set of irreducible complex characters of $G$. A character $\chi\in\text{Irr}(G)$ is monomial if there exists a subgroup $H\leq G$ and a linear ...
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Character Table From Presentation

I've recently learned about character tables, and some of the tricks for computing them for finite groups (quals...) but I've been having problems actually doing it. Thus, my question is (A) how to ...
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Functional equation of irreducible characters

I am preparing to an exam in representations of finite groups. I am trying to tackle a problem regarding a characterization of irreducible characters: Let $f$ be a complex-valued function on a finite ...
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Restricting irreps of $S_n$ to $D_n$ of order $2 n$

I would like to know how to restrict the irreps of the symmetric group $S_n$ to the dihedral group $D_n$ of order $2 n$. We know that $D_n < S_n$. Symmetric group $S_n$ Due to Hardy and Ramanujan ...
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$\chi(g)$ group character $\Rightarrow$ $\chi(g^m)$ group character

Let $G$ be a group of order $n$ and and $\gcd(m,n)=1$. Let $\chi:G\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$ be a class function and define $\chi^m\!: g\mapsto\chi(g^m)$. How can one show that $\chi^m$ is a character iff ...
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What is an irreducible character of a finite group?

Let $S_n$ be the group of permutations of $\{1, 2, \ldots, n\}$. A “character” for $S_n$ is a function $\chi\colon S_n \to \mathbb{C} \setminus \{0\}$ with $\chi(ab) = \chi(a)\chi(b)$ for all $a, b \...
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Two non-isomorphic groups with the same complex character table

Could you give me an example of two non-isomorphic groups with the same complex character table?
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Computing Brauer characters of a finite group

I am studying character theory from the book "Character Theory of Finite Groups" by Martin Isaac. (I am not too familiar with valuations and algebraic number theory.) In the last chapter on modular ...
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Convolution of irreducible characters of a finite group

If $\chi^{\lambda}$ and $\chi^{\mu}$ are the characters of two irreducible representations $V^{\lambda}$ and $V^{\mu}$ of a finite group $G$, is there a simple way of proving that : $$ \chi^{\lambda} *...
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The condition between $\chi(1)$ and $[G:H]$ which gives us a normal subgroup.

$\textbf{The question is as follows:}$ Let $H \le G$ with $|G : H| = n$ and suppose that $\chi \in Char(G)$. $\rm (a)$ Show that $[\chi ; \chi] \ge \frac{[\chi_H; \chi_H]}{n}$. $\rm (b)$ Show ...
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character degrees of finite simple groups: an elementary question

I have a simple question on characters of simple groups; stated as exercise in Isaacs' character theory book. (2.3) Let $\chi$ be a character of $G$. If $\mathfrak{X}$ is a representation ...
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Why unitary characters for the dual group in Pontryagin duality if $G$ is not compact?

In harmonic analysis, for any locally compact abelian group, one constructs the dual group as the group of homomorphisms into the unit circle with the compact open topology. In other words, unitary ...
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An exercise involving characters

Suppose $p$ is a prime, $\chi$ and $\lambda$ are characters on $\mathbb{F}_p$. How can I show that $\sum_{t\in\mathbb{F}_p}\chi(1-t^m)=\sum_{\lambda}J(\chi,\lambda)$ where $\lambda$ varies over all ...
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Formula for evaluation of character on a transposition

Let $\lambda\vdash n$ be a partition of $n\in\mathbb N$ and $\chi=\chi_\lambda$ the corresponding irreducible character of the symmetric group $S_n$. Denote by $\lambda^t$ be the transpose of $\lambda$...
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What is the relationship between Mackey's theorem in character theory and Mackey's theorem in transfer theory?

Here are the statements of the two theorems. The first statement I took from a paper I have been reading, but I believe can also be found in Isaacs' Character Theory of Finite Groups as an exercise. ...
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How does Pontryagin duality fit into the general cohomology theory framework?

Pontryagin duality implies the isomorphic relation of the function space $C(G)$ on a locally compact group $G$ to the function space on it's dual group $\hat G \overset{\sim}{=}\text{Hom}(G,T)$, ...
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Characters of the symmetric group corresponding to partitions into two parts

Let $n\in\mathbb N$ be a natural number and $\lambda=(a,b)\vdash n$ a partition of $n$ into two parts, i.e. $a\ge b$ and $a+b=n$. In this special case, is there a simple description of the character $\...
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Reading the centralizer off of the character table

Assume that I am given the table of irreducible characters of a finite group $G$. I realize that we can see the order of the centralizer of any element $g \in G$ by summing the squares in the ...
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p-adic numbers and group characters

The wiki article on p-adic numbers has this wonderfully charming and pretty graphic: This is supposed to represent "the 3-adic integers, with selected corresponding characters on their Pontryagin ...
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Estimates on conjugacy classes of a finite group.

In Character Theory Of Finite Groups by I Martin Issacs as exercise 2.18, on page 32. Theorem: Let $A$ be a normal subgroup of $G$ such that $A$ is the centralizer of every non-trivial element ...
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How does knowing that $\sqrt{7}\notin\mathbb{Q}(e^{2\pi i/7})$ help construct this character table?

Here's a question that has haunted me since it appeared on a problem sheet in a Representation Theory course I attended as an undergraduate. I'll reproduce it exactly: A group of order $168$ has ...
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Holonomy and Differential Characters

This question is going to be rather vague, but I'm just trying to see if there are obvious connections between these two concepts. So the holonomy of a vector bundle with Lie group $G$ is $$h(A)=\...
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character table and commutator

It is well-known that an element of commutator subgroup may not be a commutator. Now there is a character-theory technique to check if an element of a group is a commutator. An element $g\in G$ ...
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character degree and solvability

There is an unsolved problem in Berkovich's book "Characters of Finite Groups Part 2" I state here: Is $G$ solvable if $\chi(1)^2$ divides $|G|$ for all $\chi \in \operatorname{Irr}{(G)}$? Can any ...
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Condition for abelian subgroup to be normal

Sorry for any mistakes I make here, this is my first post here. I have a group $G$ which has an abelian subgroup $A<G$. I also know there is a irreducible character $\chi$ with the degree of $\...
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Monster coefficients

For three irreducible characters $\phi,\psi,\rho$ of a finite group $G$ define the Kronecker multiplicities as: $$g(\phi,\psi,\rho) = \langle \phi,\psi\cdot\rho\rangle $$ where $$\langle \chi,\eta\...
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Order of group elements from a character table

Most questions that I can find on here (or anywhere else on the internet) deal with constructing a character table given a description of the group. I'm trying to answer a question which goes the ...
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Question about Weyl character formula

In the book of Humphreys, page 139, Weyl character formula is $$\left(\sum_{w\in W} \operatorname{sn}(w)\epsilon_{w\delta}\right) * \operatorname{ch}_{\lambda} = \sum_{w\in W} \operatorname{sn}(w) \...
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Some irreducible characters of the Symmetric group $S_n$

I want to have characters of some irreducible $S_n$-modules corresponding to certain partitions $\lambda$ of $n$, the computations using Frobenius formula get complicated and I am unable to find in ...
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Sum of squares of dimensions of irreducible characters.

For anyone familiar with Artin's Algebra book, I just worked through the proof of the following theorem, which can be seen here: (5.9) Theorem Let $G$ be a group of order $N$, let $\rho_1,\rho_2,\...
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Additive characters of a vector space isomorphic to the linear dual?

Let $V$ be a finite dimensional vector space over a finite field $k$. Denote by $\widehat{V}$ the group of additive characters $V \to \mathbb{C}^*$ and $V^*=Hom_k(V,k)$ the linear dual. Fix a non-...
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Characters of a Group: two definitions

If $G$ is an abelian group, the characters associated to the rapresentations of $G$ over $\textrm{GL}_1(\mathbb C)=\mathbb C^\ast$ are simply the group homomorphisms: $$\chi:G\longrightarrow\mathbb C^...
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Irreducible 2-Brauer characters of $S_5$

Beginning with the ordinary character table of the symmetric group $S_5$, one immediately gets the following Brauer characters in characteristic two: $\begin{array}{c|c|c|c} S_5 & () & (...
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$G$ be a finite group and $G'$ be its commutator subgroup and $\widehat G$ be the character group of $G$ ; then $G/G' \cong \widehat G$?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $G'$ be its commutator subgroup and $\widehat G$ be the character group of $G$ ; then is it true that $G/G' \cong \widehat G$ ? I am completely stuck , please help . ...
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Why does the tensor product of an irreducible representation with the sign representation yield another irreducible representation?

I was writing this question, and I came up with an answer, so I thought I would answer it myself: In considering representations of $S_n$, among others, we have the "sign representation", that is the ...
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Extending a homomorphism $f:\left<a \right>\to\Bbb T$ to $g:G\to \Bbb T$, where $G$ is abelian and $\mathbb{T}$ is the circle group.

Suppose $G$ is an abelian group and $a\in G$ and $$f:\left<a \right>\to\Bbb T$$ is a homomorphism. Can $f$ be extended to a homomorphism on $G$: $$g:G\to \Bbb T$$ ? $\Bbb T$ is the circle group....
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Find all irreducible characters of a matrix group on finite field $\mathbb F_5$

Find all irreducible characters of matrix group $G =\left\{ \left( \begin{array}{cc} a & b \\0 & a^{-1}\end{array} \right)|\,\,\, a,b \in\mathbb F_5, a\not=0 \right\}$. The former question is ...
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Are two groups isomorphic if they have the same character table and each $|\chi| \leq 1$?

Suppose two groups have the same character table of complex representations. Also, all the entries in this character table have absolute value at most $1$. Does this imply that the two groups are ...
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Character of a permutation representation

I am self-studying representation theory, and I would like to make sure my proofs are complete. Following Serre's notation, let $X$ be a finite set, and let $G$ be a group that acts on $X$. Let $\...
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Character theory - Exercise 5.14

I am trying to solve the exercise 5.14 from the Isaac Martins Character Theory of Finite Groups. Let $G$ be a nonabelian group and let $ f=min\{\chi(1) | \chi \in Irr(G), \chi(1)>1 \}. $ Show ...
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Relation between the order of an element of a group and their character in a simple group

Let $\chi$ be the representation of a finite group $G$. Let $g \in G$ be an element of order 2. If $G$ is a simple group but not cyclic of order 2, prove that $\chi(g) \equiv \chi(1) \mod 4$. Proof ...