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Questions tagged [characters]

For questions about characters (traces of representations of a group on a vector space).

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Why unitary characters for the dual group in Pontryagin duality if $G$ is not compact?

In harmonic analysis, for any locally compact abelian group, one constructs the dual group as the group of homomorphisms into the unit circle with the compact open topology. In other words, unitary ...
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2answers
560 views

Easy way to get real irreducible characters (reps) from complex irreducible characters?

For plenty of groups, the real irreducible characters/representations aren't the same as the complex irreducible representations. I really enjoy James Montaldi's summary of real representations, for ...
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3answers
971 views

Extending a homomorphism $f:\left<a \right>\to\Bbb T$ to $g:G\to \Bbb T$, where $G$ is abelian and $\mathbb{T}$ is the circle group.

Suppose $G$ is an abelian group and $a\in G$ and $$f:\left<a \right>\to\Bbb T$$ is a homomorphism. Can $f$ be extended to a homomorphism on $G$: $$g:G\to \Bbb T$$ ? $\Bbb T$ is the circle group....
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92 views

Show that the characters of the representations $\phi_{n}$ of $SU(2)$ constitute a complete orthogonal set.

The question is given below: And the other questions mentioned are (I know the solutions of all of them): Sorry for the bad formulation of the my question at the first time I have ...
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2answers
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What is an irreducible character of a finite group?

Let $S_n$ be the group of permutations of $\{1, 2, \ldots, n\}$. A “character” for $S_n$ is a function $\chi\colon S_n \to \mathbb{C} \setminus \{0\}$ with $\chi(ab) = \chi(a)\chi(b)$ for all $a, b \...
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501 views

Estimates on conjugacy classes of a finite group.

In Character Theory Of Finite Groups by I Martin Issacs as exercise 2.18, on page 32. Theorem: Let $A$ be a normal subgroup of $G$ such that $A$ is the centralizer of every non-trivial element ...
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1answer
477 views

Do all algebraic integers in some $\mathbb{Z}[\zeta_n]$ occur among the character tables of finite groups?

The values of irreducible characters of a finite groups are always sums of roots of unity; do all sums of roots of unity (i.e. algebraic integers in the maximal abelian extension of $\mathbb{Q}$) ...
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1answer
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Two exercises on characters on Marcus (Part 2)

I am trying to solve exercises 17 and 18 on Marcus book (page 210, chapter 7). Let's look at the second. This exercise is essential in order to deduce the class number formula in Marcus approach. 18)...
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1answer
2k views

Sum of squares of dimensions of irreducible characters.

For anyone familiar with Artin's Algebra book, I just worked through the proof of the following theorem, which can be seen here: (5.9) Theorem Let $G$ be a group of order $N$, let $\rho_1,\rho_2,\...
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2answers
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Why does the tensor product of an irreducible representation with the sign representation yield another irreducible representation?

I was writing this question, and I came up with an answer, so I thought I would answer it myself: In considering representations of $S_n$, among others, we have the "sign representation", that is the ...
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1answer
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A direct proof that for finite $G$ we have “$G$ abelian iff all irreducible characters are linear”

A finite group is abelian iff all its irreducible characters have dimension one (hence are linear). A common proof uses that the number of irreducible representations equals the number of conjugacy ...
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1answer
508 views

Sum of irreducible character values in a row of the character table

If $\chi$ is a nontrivial irreducible character of $G$ (a finite group), define $S_{\chi}:= \sum_{x \in G} \chi(x)$. In terms of conjugacy classes $\mathcal{C}$, this is $\sum_{\mathcal{C}} |\mathcal{...
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1answer
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Frobenius Reciprocity and a character theory problem

How Frobenius Reciprocity can help us to solve these two problems: Let $ H $ be a subgroup with index $ m $ in the finite group $ G $. Let $ F $ be an algebraic closed field of characteristic $ 0 $. ...
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Subgroups as isotropy subgroups and regular orbits on tuples

Is there some natural or character-theoretic description of the minimum value of d such that G has a regular orbit on Ωd, where G is a finite group acting faithfully on a set Ω? Motivation: In some ...
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1answer
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What is the relationship between Mackey's theorem in character theory and Mackey's theorem in transfer theory?

Here are the statements of the two theorems. The first statement I took from a paper I have been reading, but I believe can also be found in Isaacs' Character Theory of Finite Groups as an exercise. ...
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2answers
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How to generalise $(\wedge^2 \chi)(g) = \frac{1}{2}(\chi(g)^2-\chi(g^2))$?

One can decompose $\bigotimes^2 V = \bigvee^2 V \oplus \bigwedge^2 V$, getting a corresponding decomposition for representations, say when $V$ is a module for some finite group $G$. One then has the ...
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p-adic numbers and group characters

The wiki article on p-adic numbers has this wonderfully charming and pretty graphic: This is supposed to represent "the 3-adic integers, with selected corresponding characters on their Pontryagin ...
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Irreducible 2-Brauer characters of $S_5$

Beginning with the ordinary character table of the symmetric group $S_5$, one immediately gets the following Brauer characters in characteristic two: $\begin{array}{c|c|c|c} S_5 & () & (...
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1answer
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Order of group elements from a character table

Most questions that I can find on here (or anywhere else on the internet) deal with constructing a character table given a description of the group. I'm trying to answer a question which goes the ...
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2answers
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Computing Brauer characters of a finite group

I am studying character theory from the book "Character Theory of Finite Groups" by Martin Isaac. (I am not too familiar with valuations and algebraic number theory.) In the last chapter on modular ...
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1answer
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Characters of the symmetric group corresponding to partitions into two parts

Let $n\in\mathbb N$ be a natural number and $\lambda=(a,b)\vdash n$ a partition of $n$ into two parts, i.e. $a\ge b$ and $a+b=n$. In this special case, is there a simple description of the character $\...
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1answer
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How does knowing that $\sqrt{7}\notin\mathbb{Q}(e^{2\pi i/7})$ help construct this character table?

Here's a question that has haunted me since it appeared on a problem sheet in a Representation Theory course I attended as an undergraduate. I'll reproduce it exactly: A group of order $168$ has ...
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2answers
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Condition for abelian subgroup to be normal

Sorry for any mistakes I make here, this is my first post here. I have a group $G$ which has an abelian subgroup $A<G$. I also know there is a irreducible character $\chi$ with the degree of $\...
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2answers
108 views

Do “$K/k$ twisted” representations exist?

Given $k$-representations $V,W$ of a group $G$, where $k$ is a field, $K/k$ a field extension, if we have $V\otimes_k K\cong W\otimes_k K$ as $K$-representations, do we have that $V\cong W$? Being ...
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2answers
400 views

a formula involving order of Dirichlet characters, $\mu(n)$ and $\varphi(n)$

Let $p$ a prime number, ${q_{_1}}$,..., ${q_{_r}}$ are the distinct primes dividing $p-1$, ${\mu}$ is the Möbius function, ${\varphi}$ is Euler's phi function, ${\chi}$ is Dirichlet character $\bmod{...
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1answer
258 views

why the column sums of character table are integers?

There is a well-known result of Solomon which states that sum of entries of any row in $\mathbb{C}$-character table of a group $G$ is an integer number. It is mentioned in Martin Isaacs Character ...
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0answers
97 views

Two exercises on characters on Marcus (part 1)

I am trying to solve exercises 17 and 18 on Marcus book (page 210, chapter 7). Let's look at the first. This should be solved and correct now. 17) Let $m$ be even, $m\ge3$ and suppose $\chi$ is a ...
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1answer
532 views

Product of a character with an irreducible character a non-negative integer

Why is the inner product of a character with an irreducible character a non-negative integer? I can see that by properties of the inner product it will be non-negative but I cannot see why it would ...
5
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1answer
383 views

Generalizing Artin's theorem on independence of characters

Artin's theorem says that for any field $K$ and any (semi) group $G$, the set of homomorphisms from $G$ into the multiplicative group $K^*$ is linearly independent over $K$. Can this theorem be ...
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1answer
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Problem 4.6, I. Martin Isaacs' Character Theory

Let $n>0$ and assume that $\chi^{(n)} \in \mathrm{Irr}(G)$ for every $\chi \in \mathrm{Irr}(G)$. Show that $G = H \times A$, where $A$ is abelian and $(|H|, n) = 1$. $\chi^{(n)}$ is defined by $\...
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Trying to understand why the zeta function is a rational function under certain conditions. Questions about some equations.

Information: I linked the pages below, which relate to my questions. I am currently reading " A Classic Introduction to Modern Number Theory " by Kenneth Ireland and Michael Rosen. In the 11th ...
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2answers
143 views

If Brauer characters are $\bar{\mathbb{Q}}$-linearly independent, why are they $\mathbb{C}$-linearly independent?

If Brauer characters are $\bar{\mathbb{Q}}$-linearly independent, why are they $\mathbb{C}$-linearly independent? I think this is a linear algebra fact showing up when proving the irreducible Brauer ...
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2answers
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Inner product of a character

We let $G$ be a finite group. If $\chi$ is a complex character of $G$, we define $\overline{\chi}:G \to \mathbb{C}$ by $\overline{\chi}(g)=\overline{\chi(g)}$ for all $g \in G$, and define $\chi^{(2)...
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1answer
383 views

Does same character table imply isomorphic abelianizations?

We know two finite groups with the same character table might not be isomorphic (e.g. $D_4$ and $Q_8$), but the sizes of their abelianizations are equal (in fact equal to the number of linear ...
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1answer
86 views

Faithful character of degree less than p gives abelian p-Sylow groups.

I am trying to prove: Suppose $p$ divides $|G|$ and let $\chi \in Irr(G)$ if $\chi$ is faithful and its degree is less than $p$ then any $p$-Sylow subgroup of $G$ is abelian. I have tried to ...
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1answer
97 views

If $\chi$ a character of a torus $T$ in algebraic group $G$, and $E$ affords $\chi$, is $kGe_U\otimes_{k[T]}E\simeq kGe_Ue_\chi$?

Suppose $G=GL_n(\mathbb{F}_q)$, with $T$ and $U$ the standard maximal torus and unipotent radical. Assume that the characteristic is such that $|G|$ and $|T|$, $|U|$ are invertible in the field to ...
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2answers
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Brauer Character in GAP.

What is command to obtain Brauer Character in GAP? In magma, it is like ...
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1answer
228 views

Character and representations of $\Bbb C^\times$

I wanted to find all representations of the group $\Bbb C^\times$ under multiplication. I was thinking that I could have a degree $n$-representation of this for any $n\in \Bbb N$ by letting $z\in \Bbb ...
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1answer
173 views

Does anyone know the Burnside Matrices?

For $G$ a fine group with conjugacy classes $C_1,\dots C_k$ we introduced the Burnside Matrices $A_r$ where $1<r<k$ with entries: $$A_r := \Big(\sqrt{\frac{|C_t|}{|C_s|}}a_{rst}\Big)_{1\leq s,t\...
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463 views

Weyl Character formula applied to Sp$(4,\mathbb{C})\cap$ U$(4)$.

I posted a question a short while ago on this but got no response. I have worked on this more and so now have a more specific question. To start with we work with the $\mathbb{Q}$ version of Hamilton'...
4
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1answer
381 views

Definitions of $\mathrm{Hom}(V,W)$

I have the definition of a homomorphism as map such that $\varphi(g_1g_2)=\varphi(g_1)\varphi(g_2)$ I have the definition of $\mathrm{Hom}(V,W)$ as $$\begin{align}\mathrm{Hom}(V,W) &= \{\...
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1answer
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Irreducible Representations and Maschke's Theorem

$\mathscr L(V,W)^G = \mathscr L(V_1,W)^G \oplus...\oplus\mathscr L(V_k,W)^G$ and for each irreducible represtation of G on a space W, the number of $j\in (1,...,k)$ for which $V_j \cong W$ is dim$\...
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1answer
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$\phi \times \theta$ is faithful iff $(|Z(H)| ,|Z(K)|)=1$ for faithful characters $\phi \in Irr(H)$ and $\theta \in Irr(K)$ .

Let $G = H \times K$. Let $\phi \in \operatorname{Irr}(H)$ and $\theta \in \operatorname{Irr}(K)$ be faithful. Show that $\phi \times \theta$ is faithful iff $(|Z(H)| ,|Z(K)|)=1$. Problem 4.3 of ...
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848 views

The character group of $G$ for an abelian group $G$.

Problem Statement: Prove that the one-dimensional characters of a group $G$ form a group under multiplication of functions, i.e. where the group operation is: $$(\chi\cdot\chi')(g)=\chi(g)\chi'(g)$$...
2
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2answers
188 views

Consider $\mathbf{Z}G$, $G$ finite. If the characters of two $\mathbf{Z}G$-modules are equal, does it follow that the modules are isomorphic?

So I have recently started to delve into integral representation theory and I was wondering if a particularly useful theorem survives the transition to integral rep theory. Basically, suppose we have ...
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170 views

Relation between finite abelian group and its set of linear characters

Let $G$ be a finite abelian group, and denote by $G^{\times}$ its set of linear characters, i.e. homomorphisms $\phi : G \to \mathbb C^{\times}$, where $\mathbb C^{\times}$ denotes the multplicative ...
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Character representation of right regular representation as sum of irreducible characters

Let $G$ be a finite group acting on itself by the action $g \ast x := xg^{-1}$. Then this corresponds to an representation $\rho : G \to GL(L^2(G))$, where $L^2(G)$ denotes the space of function on $G$...
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1answer
181 views

Weyl character formula and finding the trace.

Let $v$ be a positive integer. I have a representation $\rho_v$ of $USp(4) = \{g\in M_2(\mathbb{H})\,|\,g^{T}\bar{g}\}$, where $\mathbb{H}$ is Hamiltons quaternions. The representation $\rho_v$ has ...
1
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1answer
388 views

Complete the character table of group of order $21$

You are given the incomplete character table of a group $G$ with order $21$ which has $5$ conjugacy classes, $C_1,\dots,C_5$, which have sizes $1,7,7,3,3$. $$ \begin{array}{|c|c|c|c|c|} \hline & ...
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1answer
102 views

Fourier inversion formula on finite abelian groups

The following exercise is exercise 2.2.3 from these lecture notes by Daniel Bump. Let $\mathcal F : L^2(G) \to L^2(G^{\ast})$ be the Fourier transform, defined by $\mathcal{F}f = \hat f$, where $\hat{...