# Questions tagged [causality]

Use for any questions relating to understanding if one entity causes another. This can be at any of the three rungs of causality: association, intervention, or counterfactual. Topics included are do-calculus, causal diagrams, analysis of confounding, $d$-separation, back-door criterion, back-door adjustments, front-door adjustments, instrumental variables, and mediation analysis, among others.

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### Sufficient statistics for adjacency matrix of a graphical model

Assume a graph with $d$ nodes with adjacency matrix $\boldsymbol{A}\in\{0,1\}^{d\times d}$ is given and continuous data $\boldsymbol{X}\in\mathbb{R}^{M\times d}$ is observed from a graphical model ...
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### Deriving influence function for doubly robust counterfactual density

I am currently reading the paper "Semiparametric Counterfactual Density Estimation" written by Edward Kennedy et al. I encounter some issues reading proofs in the paper. Especially, I have ...
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### Causal Inference: A Primer Study Question 1.2.3

I feel so stupid that I can't even answer the third question in the entire book, but I just cannot wrap my head around this. For reference, this question came right after an introduction to Simpson's ...
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### Mediators in Causal Diagrams

I've been reading Judea Pearl's The Book of Why to try to understand how to use causal diagrams. On page 113, Pearl gives three events, A, B, and C, where A causes B which causes C. This is displayed ...
19 views

### Econometrics Question - Causal effect in a non-randomized trial

I am trying to establish a specification of a binary choice model (logit/probit) that dictates treatment assignment. The context (and subsequent cross-sectional data) is related to a government that ...
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### How to Calculate Probabilities for a Causal Graph?

I was reading a paper on causal inference. In this paper I came up with this causal graph In this causal graph, if we ignore E (Environment variable), and consider all variables are binary for ...
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### Causal Graph Generation from Joint Probability Distribution and Conditional Probability

I am trying to find a causal graph from this data. ...
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### Is causal convexity equivalent to causal completeness?

Let $M$ be a spacetime (i.e., a differentiable manifold equipped with a Lorentzian metric) that admits a choice of time orientation. For any region $R\subset M$, we define the causal complement of $R$ ...