# Questions tagged [artificial-intelligence]

For questions about artificial intelligence, the intelligence of machines and robots and the branch of computer science that aims to create it.

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### Mathematical preparation for postgraduate studies in Linguistics

I am an undergraduate student in Mathematics and I would like to continue my postgraduate studies in the harder, more mathematical aspects of Linguistics. What exactly would that include is unknown ...
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### What areas of math can be tackled by artificial intelligence?

Artificial intelligence is nearing, with image/speech recognition, chess/go engines etc. My question is, what areas of math that are interesting to mathematicians, is likely to be the first to be able ...
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### Applications of Differential Geometry in Artificial Intelligence

I am new to this wonderful site. I searched around a bit but I couldn't find any well-discussed posts on applications of differential geometry to artificial intelligence, or more generally to computer ...
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### Mathematics base for data mining and artificial intelligence algorithms. [closed]

Could you give me some clarification about data mining and artificial intelligence algorithms? What mathematics base they used for? Could you give me starting point, in mathematics, to understand ...
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### Category Theory & Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Category theory turns out to be useful in more and more areas. (see e.g. MSE - Category Theory & Biology) Question. Does anyeone know of some connection of category theory to (convolutional) ...
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### Application of computers in higher mathematics

Currently the main application of computers in mathematics seems to be to compute things, i.e. to solve equations, evaluate integrals, etc. It is at all possible to delegate the thinking of a ...
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### What would be the shortest path between 2 points when there are objects obstructing the straight path?

How would an algorithm find the shortest distance between 2 points on a horizontal 2d plane , especially when a straight path is not possible? Could it be something on the lines of calculating least ...
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### What about Genetic Algorithms from a mathematical point of view?

Last year I've attended an Artificial Intelligence course (it was very simple, just a summary of the main ideas); we've seen what a genetic algorithm is and the idea seems very interesting to me. Now ...
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### Algebra & Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Artificial intelligence, especially deep learning & neural networks for image processing and classfication, are related to statistics and physics e.g. as decribed in below papers. Statistics and ...
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### Some doubts about the differences between logic implication and inference rule

I am studying for an Artificial Inteligence university exam that includes a section dedicated to mathematical logic. I am finding some difficulty in understanding the difference between logical ...
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### Mathematics in cognitive sciences

Which areas of Maths can be formally studied in a cognitive sc major? Or: which areas of maths can support the study of brain. Some areas that seem relevant would be: mathematical logic, graph theory, ... 3k views

### Policy gradient reinforcement learning for continuous state and action space

I am a novice in the field of machine learning, I have a moderate level understanding of linear/non-linear regression, support vector machines, neural networks, and q-learning (for discrete finite ...
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### What is the sigmoid *squashing* function?

I've just read the following The basic unit ("neuron" i) performs the following computation to update its state $y_i$: it computes a weighted sum $v_i$ of its inputs $x:j$ which is passed through ...
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### What aspects of convex optimization are used in artificial intelligence, if any?

I work on convex optimization with Stephen Boyd's book. As an example, support vector machines are mentioned as an application of separating hyperplanes theorem. I am wondering if there is any other ...
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### State space for 8-queen problem

While reading Artificial Intelligence a Modern Approach I came across the following formulation for the 8-queen problem: Initial state: No queens on the board. States: Arrangements of n queens (0 <...
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### Convert a WFF to Clausal Form

I'm given the following question: Convert the following WFF into clausal form: \begin{equation*} \forall(X)(q(X)\to(\exists(Y)(\neg(p(X,Y)\vee r(X,Y))\to h(X,Y))\wedge f(X))) \end{equation*} ...
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### AI strategies for losing positions [closed]

I have a card game that I am analyzing with Maple. Actually, it's a series of card games, one for every parameter k, where k is a natural number (representing the number of ranks of cards used in the ...
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### Regarding Research in Artificial Intelligence [closed]

Which mathematical areas are important for research purposes in artificial intelligence? Specifically, If I have Masters in Statistics how much it will be beneficial for research in artificial ...
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### Can I interpret $\models$ as $\implies$ while proving logical expressions using different techniques?

In the book by Artificial Intelligence by Norvig and Russel, I came across following problem: Prove if correct: $(A ∧ B) \models (A ⇔ B).$ I quickly interpreted $\models$ as $\implies$ and tried to ...
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### First order logic.

In Artificial intelligence, I saw the following question and answer in website. Question: Politicians can fool some people all of the time, and they can fool all people some of the time, ...
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### Markov Decision Process - Utility Function

Reward $R(S)$ in a Markov Decision Process is a mapping from a State $S \rightarrow$ Bounded number. I want to know how a Utility Function is defined for an MDP. I think it has to be a mapping from a ...
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### Gödel's Incompleness Theorems and the "Minds vs. Machines" conundrum

As a part of my self-learning about Gödel's Incompleness Theorems, I try to dive a little bit into their different interpretations and (possible) philosophical implications. One that immediately ...
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### Using implication with the Universal quantifier

While reviewing my AI textbook, I came across a paragraph that baffled me. It attempts to explain why the truth table for implication turns out to be perfect, as ...
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