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Questions tagged [abelian-categories]

Abelian categories are categories that possess most of properties of categories of modules over a ring, e.g. abelian group structure on morphisms, existence of kernels and cokernels of morphisms, existence of direct products and directs sums, etc.

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Abstract nonsense proof of snake lemma

During my studies, I always wanted to see a "purely category-theoretical" proof of the Snake Lemma, i.e. a proof that constructs all morphisms (including the snake) and proves exactness via universal ...
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3answers
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Intuition behind Snake Lemma

I've been struggling with this for some time. I can prove the Snake Lemma, but I don't really “understand” it. By that I mean if no one told me Snake Lemma existed, I would not even ...
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2answers
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What are exact sequences, metaphysically speaking?

Why is it natural or useful to organize objects (of some appropriate category) into exact sequences? Exact sequences are ubiquitous - and I've encountered them enough to know that they can provide a ...
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4answers
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Proving the snake lemma without a diagram chase

Suppose we have two short exact sequences in an abelian category $$0 \to A \mathrel{\overset{f}{\to}} B \mathrel{\overset{g}{\to}} C \to 0 $$ $$0 \to A' \mathrel{\overset{f'}{\to}} B' \...
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3answers
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How to define Homology Functor in an arbitrary Abelian Category?

In the Category of Modules over a Ring, the i-th Homology of a Chain Complex is defined as the Quotient Ker d / Im d where d as usual denotes the differentials, indexes skipped for simplicity. How ...
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1answer
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Equivalent conditions for a preabelian category to be abelian

Let's fix some terminology first. A category $\mathcal{C}$ is preabelian if: 1) $Hom_{\mathcal{C}}(A,B)$ is an abelian group for every $A,B$ such that composition is biadditive, 2) $\mathcal{C}$ has ...
28
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1answer
2k views

When is the derived category abelian?

I read in the book Methods of homological algebra of Gelfand and Manin that the derived category of an abelian category $A$ is never abelian. Now to me this seems to be wrong, because if $A=0$ then $D(...
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870 views

Why do universal $\delta$-functors annihilate injectives?

Let $\mathcal{A}$ and $\mathcal{B}$ be abelian categories. Suppose $\mathcal{A}$ has enough injectives, and consider a universal (cohomological) $\delta$-functor $T^\bullet$ from $\mathcal{A}$ to $\...
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1answer
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Abelian categories and axiom (AB5)

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an abelian category. We say that $\mathcal{A}$ satisfies (AB5) if $\mathcal{A}$ is cocomplete and filtered colimits are exact. In Weibel's Introduction to homological algebra, ...
24
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2answers
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Meaning of “efface” in “effaceable functor” and “injective effacement”

I'm reading Grothendieck's Tōhoku paper, and I was curious about the reasoning behind the terms "effaceable functor" and "injective effacement". I know that in English, to efface something means ...
22
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1answer
8k views

Hom is a left-exact functor

If $0 \to A \to B\to C$ is a left exact sequence of $R$-module, then for any $R$-module $M$, $0 \to Hom_R(M,A)\to Hom_R(M,B)\to Hom_R(M,C)$ is left exact. I proved the above, and highlighted what I'm ...
22
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1answer
649 views

Category of quasicoherent sheaves not abelian

Wikipedia mentions that the category of quasicoherent sheaves need not form an abelian category on general ringed spaces. Is there a `naturally occurring' example of this failing, even for locally ...
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642 views

Has category theory solved major math problems?

All: I am new to category theory. Just wonder if category theory has solved any major math problems for other mathematics fields? or what are the major applications of the category theory ? ...
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2answers
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If a functor between categories of modules preserves injectivity and surjectivity, must it be exact?

Let $A$ and $B$ be commutative rings. Let $F$ be a functor from the category of $A$ modules to the category of $B$ modules. Suppose that $F$ preserves injectivity and surjectivity: whenever $f : X\...
12
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1answer
841 views

On equivalent definitions of Ext

Let $A$ be an abelian category and $X$, $Y$ two objects of $A$. Let's define Ext in this way: Ext$^i_A(X,Y)$=Hom$_{D(A)}(X[0],Y[i])$ Where $X[0]$ is the complex with all zeros except in degree 0 ...
12
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1answer
502 views

Motivation for Definition of Derived Category

On the $n$Lab entry about derived categories, I read the derived category of an abelian category $\mathsf A$ is the localization of $\mathsf{Ch}_\bullet (\mathsf A)$ at the quasi-isomorphisms. My ...
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0answers
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Applications of $Ext^n$ in algebraic geometry

I have been doing a project about $\operatorname{Ext}^n$ functors for my commutative algebra class. I used the approach via extensions of degree n. Basically I have shown the long exact sequence ...
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226 views

Abelian category induced by commutative ring

If $R$ is any ring, then ${}_R \mathsf{Mod}$ is an abelian category. We cannot detect commutativity of $R$ from ${}_R \mathsf{Mod}$, since for example $R$ and the matrix ring $M_n(R)$ are always ...
11
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2answers
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Derived functors of torsion functor

Let $A$ be a domain. For every $A$-module $M$ consider its torsion submodule $M^{tor}$ made up of elements of $M$ which are annihilated by a non zero-element of $A$. If $f \colon M \to N$ is a ...
11
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1answer
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showing exact functors preserve exact sequences (abelian categories, additive functors, and kernels)

I'm working through Vakil's algebraic geometry text and I've been stuck on Exercise 1.6.E (page 52 on http://math.stanford.edu/~vakil/216blog/FOAGjun1113public.pdf.) Suppose that $F$ is an exact ...
11
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1answer
990 views

The projective model structure on chain complexes

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an abelian category with enough projective objects and let $\mathcal{M}$ be the category of chain complexes in $\mathcal{A}$ concentrated in non-negative degrees. Quillen [1967, ...
11
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3answers
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Can we use the internal logic of a category to do diagram chases “as in $\mathbf{Ab}$” ?

Disclaimer: I'm not yet really comfortable with internal logics, though I know the basics, so the best answer would not be the most technical one. Suppose you want to prove a diagram lemma (say the ...
11
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1answer
1k views

Long exact sequence into short exact sequences

This question is the categorical version of this question about splitting up long exact sequences of modules into short exact sequence of modules. I want to understand the general mechanism for ...
11
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1answer
540 views

Limits in the category of exact sequences

Let $\mathbf C$ be an abelian category admitting projective limits. Let's consider the category whose objects are those of the form $$ 0\to A\to B\to C\to 0 $$ and whose morphisms are triples of ...
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3answers
186 views

An explicit imbedding of $(R\mathbf{-Mod})^{op}$ into $S\mathbf{-Mod}$

Given a ring $R$ consider $(R\mathbf{-Mod})^{op}$, the opposite category of the category of left $R$-modules. Since it is the dual to an abelian category and the axioms of abelian categories are self-...
10
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1answer
413 views

Equivalent characterizations of faithfully exact functors of abelian categories

Let $F\colon \mathcal{A} \rightarrow \mathcal{B}$ be a functor of abelian categories. We will define some properties of $F$ before we state a question. Let $X \rightarrow Y \rightarrow Z$ be a ...
10
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3answers
301 views

Is the category of left exact functors abelian?

Let us consider the category of left exact functors between two abelian categories. Is this category abelian? My intuition is that it is not. Does someone have any counterexample ? Or any proof that I'...
10
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1answer
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Prove the FHHF theorem using as much abstract non-sense as possible

This is my second attempt to solve exercise 1.6H from Vakil: Assume $F$ is a covariant right-exact functor and show that we get a map $HF^i \rightarrow H^iF$. Attempt to a solution: Apply $F$ to the ...
9
votes
4answers
338 views

Homological algebra using nonabelian groups

Can homological algebra be done with nonabelian groups? In particular, can homology or cohomology be defined on chain complexes of nonabelian groups? I know that Abelian categories are the choice ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Arbitrary products of quasi-coherent sheaves?

I have a short question: Does the category of quasi-coherent sheaves on a scheme have arbitrary products? I know that it does if the scheme is affine and I know that they will not be isomorphic to ...
9
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1answer
160 views

Does $\cdots \to G_1\overset f\to G_2 \overset g\to G_3\to \cdots$ exact imply $0\to \ker(g) \to G_2 \to \operatorname{coker}(f)\to 0$ exact?

Given a (part of a) long exact sequence of abelian groups (or modules over some commutative ring) $$ \cdots \to G_1\overset f\to G_2 \overset g\to G_3 \to \cdots $$ we have the short exact sequence $$ ...
9
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1answer
1k views

The construction of the localization of a category

I was reading the construction of the localization of a category in the book "Methods of homological algebra" of Manin and Gelfand. Let me remind you the definition of the localization of a category: ...
9
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1answer
172 views

Applications of diagram lemmas

I'm currently reading Theo Bühler's survey on exact categories about which he says This article is written for the reader who wants to learn about exact categories and knows why. Very few ...
9
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0answers
160 views

Is there a finite abelian category?

Is there a non-discrete abelian category which has only finitely many objects? Just out of curiosity I am wondering if such an abelian category exists, while the usual examples of abelian categories ...
8
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1answer
296 views

Is every additive monofunctor between abelian categories left exact?

Is there an additive functor between abelian categories, which preserves monomorphisms, but is not left exact?
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2answers
292 views

The Freyd-Mitchell Embedding Theorem and projective (injective) objects

Given a small abelian category $\mathcal{A}$, the Freyd-Mitchell Embedding Theorem gives me a fully faithful exact functor $F:\mathcal{A}\rightarrow R$-$\mathsf{Mod}$, for some unital ring $R$, so ...
8
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1answer
525 views

Example of relative Ext functor

Greetings, I've been reading Maclane's "Homology" and ran into the following question: Let $(R,S)$ be a resolvent pair of ring, i.e $R$ is an $S$-algebra and we have a functor $\Psi \colon \...
8
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1answer
252 views

Does faithful additive functor between abelian categories reflect short exact sequence?

Let $\mathcal A$, $\mathcal A\prime$ be two abelian categories and $F:\mathcal A\to\mathcal A\prime$ an additive functor. My question is: suppose F is faithful, can we deduce that $F$ reflects ...
7
votes
2answers
944 views

Abelian category without enough injectives

What is an example of an abelian category that does not have enough injectives? An example must exist, but I haven't been able to find one. If possible, a brief explanation of why the abelian ...
7
votes
2answers
341 views

What's wrong with my understanding of the Freyd-Mitchell Embedding Theorem?

It's truly bizarre that there exists no full modern exposition of this theorem, as noted elsewhere. Anyway, I thought I'd poke through and see if I could get the gist of how it works as somebody who ...
7
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2answers
514 views

What is the most general category in which exist short exact sequences?

Let $A,B,C$ be objects, $0$ the final object, and $f:A\to B$ and $g:B\to C$ morphisms in some category. Consider the sequence: $$ 0 \to A \to B \to C \to 0\;. $$ I would like to say something ...
7
votes
1answer
853 views

Example of a non-splitting exact sequence $0 → M → M\oplus N → N → 0$

Recently, someone stated that every short exact sequence (of, say, modules) of the form $$0 → M → M \oplus N → N → 0$$ splits. I think this is false in general because the arrow $M → M \oplus N$ might ...
7
votes
2answers
288 views

Freyd: “is a subobject of” is not transitive

On page 20 of Abelian Categories, Freyd writes Note that the relation "is a subobject of" is not transitive. On page 91 of Awodey's Category Theory (there are several typos in this page; the ...
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2answers
132 views

A generalization of abelian categories including Grp

The category of groups shares various properties with abelian categories. For example, the Five lemma and Nine lemma hold in Grp. Is there a weakened notion of abelian category which also includes Grp ...
7
votes
1answer
319 views

Example of epimorphisms such that the product is not an epimorphism in the category of sheaves

I've heard that in the category of sheaves over a topological space $X$, products of epimorphisms are not epimorphisms. I think that it's equivalent to saying that $\mathbf{Sh}(X)$ does not satisfy ...
7
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1answer
205 views

Motivation for spectrum of an Abelian category

In his book Noncommutative Algebraic Geometry and Representations of Quantized Algebras, Rosenberg defines (III.1.2 on page 111) the spectrum of an Abelian category $\mathbf{A}$ in the following way. ...
7
votes
1answer
555 views

Full subcategory of abelian category is abelian

I'm trying to understand a proof in Rotman's 'Introduction to Homological Algebra', Proposition 5.92, p.310. Proposition: Let $\mathcal S$ be a full subcategory of an abelian category $\mathcal A$. ...
7
votes
1answer
133 views

Is it possible for $R \oplus M$ and $R \oplus N$ to be isomorphic to each other if $M$ and $N$ are not isomorphic?

Suppose $M$ and $N$ are non-isomorphic $R$-modules (where $R$ is a commutative ring with a unit element).Can we conclude that $R \oplus M \not\simeq R \oplus N$ ? If not in this most general setup, ...
7
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1answer
896 views

Factoring morphisms in abelian categories

I am reading the appendix of Charles Weibel's Homological Algebra and have the following question. It is mentioned that every morphism $f: B \to C $ in an abelian category factors as $B \to im(f) \to ...
7
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1answer
198 views

Mod-$R$, Mod-$S$ and Mod-$R \otimes S$

Let $R,S,T$ be commutative rings and assume that $R,S$ are $T$-algebras. In an answer to this question, Pierre-Yves Gaillard gives an example of an $R \otimes_T S$-module that cannot be written as ...