Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [abelian-categories]

Abelian categories are categories that possess most of properties of categories of modules over a ring, e.g. abelian group structure on morphisms, existence of kernels and cokernels of morphisms, existence of direct products and directs sums, etc.

31
votes
1answer
2k views

Equivalent conditions for a preabelian category to be abelian

Let's fix some terminology first. A category $\mathcal{C}$ is preabelian if: 1) $Hom_{\mathcal{C}}(A,B)$ is an abelian group for every $A,B$ such that composition is biadditive, 2) $\mathcal{C}$ has ...
22
votes
1answer
8k views

Hom is a left-exact functor

If $0 \to A \to B\to C$ is a left exact sequence of $R$-module, then for any $R$-module $M$, $0 \to Hom_R(M,A)\to Hom_R(M,B)\to Hom_R(M,C)$ is left exact. I proved the above, and highlighted what I'm ...
42
votes
4answers
4k views

Proving the snake lemma without a diagram chase

Suppose we have two short exact sequences in an abelian category $$0 \to A \mathrel{\overset{f}{\to}} B \mathrel{\overset{g}{\to}} C \to 0 $$ $$0 \to A' \mathrel{\overset{f'}{\to}} B' \...
34
votes
3answers
3k views

How to define Homology Functor in an arbitrary Abelian Category?

In the Category of Modules over a Ring, the i-th Homology of a Chain Complex is defined as the Quotient Ker d / Im d where d as usual denotes the differentials, indexes skipped for simplicity. How ...
7
votes
1answer
883 views

Example of a non-splitting exact sequence $0 → M → M\oplus N → N → 0$

Recently, someone stated that every short exact sequence (of, say, modules) of the form $$0 → M → M \oplus N → N → 0$$ splits. I think this is false in general because the arrow $M → M \oplus N$ might ...
8
votes
1answer
300 views

Is every additive monofunctor between abelian categories left exact?

Is there an additive functor between abelian categories, which preserves monomorphisms, but is not left exact?
25
votes
1answer
3k views

Abelian categories and axiom (AB5)

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an abelian category. We say that $\mathcal{A}$ satisfies (AB5) if $\mathcal{A}$ is cocomplete and filtered colimits are exact. In Weibel's Introduction to homological algebra, ...
4
votes
2answers
646 views

Some questions on abelian category

Let $f: C \longrightarrow D$ be a morphism in an abelian category $\mathfrak{A}$ with kernel and cokernel both zero. How can I show that it is an isomorphism? I am not able to find it's inverse. ...
4
votes
1answer
358 views

Every chain complex is quasi-isomorphic to a $\mathcal J$-complex

I found this in "Algebra & Topology" by Schapira, but I'm not able to prove it: Suppose $\mathcal J$ is a cogenerating family in an abelian category $\mathbf A$. Then for any positive complex $...
4
votes
1answer
355 views

Half exact functor which is neither right exact nor left exact

A half exact functor is a functor F (between abelian categories) such that for every short exact sequence: $$ 0 \to A \to B \to C \to 0$$ then $$F(A) \to F(B) \to F(C)$$ is exact. Does anyone has an ...
4
votes
1answer
164 views

Mitchell's Embedding Theorem for not-necessarily-small categories

Mitchell's Embedding Theorem states that if $\mathcal{A}$ is a small abelian category, then there is a ring $R$ and a fully-faithful exact functor $F:\mathcal{A}\rightarrow R\mathsf{Mod}$. To what ...
2
votes
2answers
212 views

I've read that abelian categories can naturally be enriched in $\mathbf{Ab}.$ How does this actually work?

Wikipedia defines the notion of an abelian category as follows (link). A category is abelian iff it has a zero object, it has all binary products and binary coproducts, and it has all ...
49
votes
3answers
3k views

Intuition behind Snake Lemma

I've been struggling with this for some time. I can prove the Snake Lemma, but I don't really “understand” it. By that I mean if no one told me Snake Lemma existed, I would not even ...
28
votes
1answer
2k views

When is the derived category abelian?

I read in the book Methods of homological algebra of Gelfand and Manin that the derived category of an abelian category $A$ is never abelian. Now to me this seems to be wrong, because if $A=0$ then $D(...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

showing exact functors preserve exact sequences (abelian categories, additive functors, and kernels)

I'm working through Vakil's algebraic geometry text and I've been stuck on Exercise 1.6.E (page 52 on http://math.stanford.edu/~vakil/216blog/FOAGjun1113public.pdf.) Suppose that $F$ is an exact ...
12
votes
1answer
849 views

On equivalent definitions of Ext

Let $A$ be an abelian category and $X$, $Y$ two objects of $A$. Let's define Ext in this way: Ext$^i_A(X,Y)$=Hom$_{D(A)}(X[0],Y[i])$ Where $X[0]$ is the complex with all zeros except in degree 0 ...
7
votes
1answer
327 views

Example of epimorphisms such that the product is not an epimorphism in the category of sheaves

I've heard that in the category of sheaves over a topological space $X$, products of epimorphisms are not epimorphisms. I think that it's equivalent to saying that $\mathbf{Sh}(X)$ does not satisfy ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Definition of a Functor of Abelian Categories

What is the precise definition of a functor of abelian categeries. I've looked on the internet but can't find one. From the Wikipedia definition of an abelian category, I'm guessing that, for two ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Why can we use flabby sheaves to define cohomology?

In my algebraic geometry class, we defined sheaf cohomology using flabby sheaves, and the functor on the category of sheaves on a space $X$: $$ D: \mathcal F \mapsto D\mathcal F $$ where $$ D\...
5
votes
1answer
292 views

Can the category of chain complexes be realized as a functor category?

As the title says, is there some sort of category $\mathsf{C}$ which can be thought of as the "walking chain complex", so that the category of chain complexes in some other category $\mathsf{A}$ can ...
0
votes
1answer
302 views

$A \longrightarrow \text{Im} f$ is an epimorphism and a cokernel of ker $f \longrightarrow A$ in every abelian category

How can I verify the following statement? The image of a morphism $f : A \longrightarrow B$ is defined as $\text{Im}(f) = \text{Ke}r(\text{coke}r f)$ whenever it exists (e.g., in every abelian ...
4
votes
1answer
226 views

The smallest subobject $\sum{A_i}$ containing a family of subobjects {$A_i$}

In an Abelian category $\mathcal{A}$, let {$A_i$} be a family of subobjects of an object $A$. How to show that if $\mathcal{A}$ is cocomplete(i.e. the coproduct always exists in $\mathcal{A}$), then ...
3
votes
1answer
168 views

Coproducts and products are same in any preadditive category

Here is the proof that coproducts and products are same in any preadditive category from the Stack project. I have few questions regarding the above proof. I don't understand what do they mean by ...
2
votes
1answer
544 views

Set of generators in an abelian category - two definitions

Let $\mathcal C$ be a category. We say that $\mathcal C$ has a set of generators $\{ G_i\}_{i \in I}$ if whenever we take two distinct morphisms $f, g \colon A \to B$ in $\mathcal C$ there exists some ...
46
votes
2answers
2k views

What are exact sequences, metaphysically speaking?

Why is it natural or useful to organize objects (of some appropriate category) into exact sequences? Exact sequences are ubiquitous - and I've encountered them enough to know that they can provide a ...
24
votes
2answers
2k views

Meaning of “efface” in “effaceable functor” and “injective effacement”

I'm reading Grothendieck's Tōhoku paper, and I was curious about the reasoning behind the terms "effaceable functor" and "injective effacement". I know that in English, to efface something means ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

If a functor between categories of modules preserves injectivity and surjectivity, must it be exact?

Let $A$ and $B$ be commutative rings. Let $F$ be a functor from the category of $A$ modules to the category of $B$ modules. Suppose that $F$ preserves injectivity and surjectivity: whenever $f : X\...
28
votes
0answers
874 views

Why do universal $\delta$-functors annihilate injectives?

Let $\mathcal{A}$ and $\mathcal{B}$ be abelian categories. Suppose $\mathcal{A}$ has enough injectives, and consider a universal (cohomological) $\delta$-functor $T^\bullet$ from $\mathcal{A}$ to $\...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

The construction of the localization of a category

I was reading the construction of the localization of a category in the book "Methods of homological algebra" of Manin and Gelfand. Let me remind you the definition of the localization of a category: ...
11
votes
1answer
550 views

Limits in the category of exact sequences

Let $\mathbf C$ be an abelian category admitting projective limits. Let's consider the category whose objects are those of the form $$ 0\to A\to B\to C\to 0 $$ and whose morphisms are triples of ...
10
votes
1answer
414 views

Equivalent characterizations of faithfully exact functors of abelian categories

Let $F\colon \mathcal{A} \rightarrow \mathcal{B}$ be a functor of abelian categories. We will define some properties of $F$ before we state a question. Let $X \rightarrow Y \rightarrow Z$ be a ...
7
votes
2answers
521 views

What is the most general category in which exist short exact sequences?

Let $A,B,C$ be objects, $0$ the final object, and $f:A\to B$ and $g:B\to C$ morphisms in some category. Consider the sequence: $$ 0 \to A \to B \to C \to 0\;. $$ I would like to say something ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

Long exact sequence into short exact sequences

This question is the categorical version of this question about splitting up long exact sequences of modules into short exact sequence of modules. I want to understand the general mechanism for ...
3
votes
2answers
104 views

The induced morphism $B/A\to C/A$ is monic/epi if the morphism $B \to C$ is monic/epi in abelian categories

Let $f: A \to B$ and $g: A \to C$ be two monomorphisms in an abelian category. By definition, $B/A:= \operatorname{coker}(f)$, $C/A:= \operatorname{coker}(g)$. If $h:B\to C$ is another morphism such ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

The projective model structure on chain complexes

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an abelian category with enough projective objects and let $\mathcal{M}$ be the category of chain complexes in $\mathcal{A}$ concentrated in non-negative degrees. Quillen [1967, ...
7
votes
2answers
348 views

What's wrong with my understanding of the Freyd-Mitchell Embedding Theorem?

It's truly bizarre that there exists no full modern exposition of this theorem, as noted elsewhere. Anyway, I thought I'd poke through and see if I could get the gist of how it works as somebody who ...
6
votes
1answer
602 views

Additive category and zero map

Let $A$ be an additive category. Namely $A$ has a zero object, $A$ has finite products and coproducts, and Every Hom-set is an Abelian group such that composition of morphisms is bilinear. ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Is quasi-isomorphism an equivalence relation?

Let $E^\bullet$ and $F^\bullet$ be complexes on an abelian category; what does it mean to say that $E^\bullet$ and $F^\bullet$ are quasi-isomorphic? Does it only mean that there is a map of complexes ...
4
votes
1answer
682 views

The homotopy category of complexes

I have some trouble in proving Exercise A3.51 of Eisenbud's book "Commutative Algebra with a view toward Algebraic Geometry", pag. 688. The solution is sketched at pag. 754 at the end of the book. The ...
4
votes
1answer
425 views

Semisimple objects in abelian categories

Let $\mathcal A$ be any Grothendieck abelian category and $0 \neq M \in \cal A$ an object. It is true that $M$ admits a simple subquotient? It is certainly true for $\mathcal A=R-Mod$ since $M$ ...
4
votes
1answer
201 views

Convolution in Hopf algebras

For each Hopf algebra $H$ its space ${\mathcal L}(H)$ of operators $A:H\to H$ is usually endowed with the operation of convolution by the identity $$ A*B = \mu \circ (A\otimes B)\circ \varDelta $$ ...
12
votes
0answers
177 views

Applications of $Ext^n$ in algebraic geometry

I have been doing a project about $\operatorname{Ext}^n$ functors for my commutative algebra class. I used the approach via extensions of degree n. Basically I have shown the long exact sequence ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Prove the FHHF theorem using as much abstract non-sense as possible

This is my second attempt to solve exercise 1.6H from Vakil: Assume $F$ is a covariant right-exact functor and show that we get a map $HF^i \rightarrow H^iF$. Attempt to a solution: Apply $F$ to the ...
6
votes
2answers
140 views

Neutral element in $\hom_C(A, B)$

Let $C$ be an abelian category. Assuming that $\hom_C(A,B)$ has an abelian group structure, prove that the zero map $0_{AB}:A\to B$ is the neutral element of this group. I know that the group ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

Full subcategories of $\mathsf{Mod}_R$ which are “almost” abelian

Is there an example of a full subcategory of $\mathsf{Mod}_R$ (namely left $R$-modules) which are not abelian categories, but are "almost" abelian -- that is, they satisfy all of the prerequisites of ...
7
votes
2answers
960 views

Abelian category without enough injectives

What is an example of an abelian category that does not have enough injectives? An example must exist, but I haven't been able to find one. If possible, a brief explanation of why the abelian ...
7
votes
1answer
570 views

Full subcategory of abelian category is abelian

I'm trying to understand a proof in Rotman's 'Introduction to Homological Algebra', Proposition 5.92, p.310. Proposition: Let $\mathcal S$ be a full subcategory of an abelian category $\mathcal A$. ...
4
votes
1answer
429 views

Definition of the image as coker of ker == ker of coker?

The standard categorical definition of image is that it is the cokernel of the kernel. Under what nice conditions does this definition coincide with kernel of the cokernel? It coincides for abelian ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

Complete abelian categories with projectieve generators are fully abelian.

This is my first time on stackexchange so if you need more detail from me , please ask. I was reading the book "Abelian Categories : An Introduction to the Theory of Functors" by Peter Freyd , and I ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Difference between categorical union and direct sum in a Grothendieck abelian category?

This is more a question about notation and definitions. I have been looking a bit at Grothendieck's Tohoku paper, and one of the important constructions in an abelian category is that of the ...