12 questions linked to/from Create a Huge Problem
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### Cauchy distribution characteristic function

I know that it's easy to calculate integral $\displaystyle\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{e^{itx}}{\pi(1+x^2)} \, dx$ using residue theorem. Is there any other way to calculate this integral (for someone ...
332 views

### How do I evaluate the integral $\int_0^{\infty}\frac{x^5\sin(x)}{(1+x^2)^3}dx$?

I have no idea how to start, it looks like integration by parts won't work. $$\int_0^{\infty}\frac{x^5\sin(x)}{(1+x^2)^3}dx$$ If someone could shed some light on this I'd be very thankful.
639 views

### Evaluating the integral $\int_0^\infty \frac{x \sin rx }{a^2+x^2} dx$ using only real analysis

Calculate the integral$$\int_0^\infty \frac{x \sin rx }{a^2+x^2} dx=\frac{1}{2}\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{x \sin rx }{a^2+x^2} dx,\quad a,r \in \mathbb{R}.$$ Edit: I was able to solve the integral ...
176 views

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### I want to prove $k(x,t)=\frac{1}{\sqrt{4\pi t} } e^{\frac{-x^2}{4t}}$

I have this integral $$u(x,t)=\int _{-\infty}^{\infty} f(\eta)\left[\frac{1}{2\pi}\int _{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{iw(x-\eta)-w^2t}\ dw\right]\ d\eta=\int _{-\infty}^{\infty}k(x-\eta,t)f(\eta)\ d\eta$$ I ...
218 views

### Value of the integral $\int_{\mathbb{R}} \frac{x\sin {(\pi x)}}{(1+x^2)^2}$

How do we evaluate the integral $$I=\displaystyle\int_{\mathbb{R}} \dfrac{x\sin {(\pi x)}}{(1+x^2)^2}$$ I have wasted so much time on this integral, tried many substitutions $(x^2=t, \ \pi x^2=t)$. ...
120 views

### How to integrate this fourier transform?

I want to integrate $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{e^{itx}}{{1+x^2}} dx.$$ I don't see how substitution or integration by parts could help here. Does anybody know how to do this?
### Can $\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac {\cos{x}}{(1 + x^2)} dx$ be evaluated without complex analysis?
Can the integral $\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac {\cos{x}}{(1 + x^2)} dx$ be evaluated by differentiation under integral or any other method without involving complex analysis? I tried using the function \$\...