Linked Questions

72
votes
14answers
16k views

Proof of $\int_0^\infty \left(\frac{\sin x}{x}\right)^2 \mathrm dx=\frac{\pi}{2}.$

I am looking for a short proof that $$\int_0^\infty \left(\frac{\sin x}{x}\right)^2 \mathrm dx=\frac{\pi}{2}.$$ What do you think? It is kind of amazing that $$\int_0^\infty \frac{\sin x}{x} \mathrm ...
69
votes
7answers
7k views

How to prove this identity $\pi=\sum\limits_{k=-\infty}^{\infty}\left(\frac{\sin(k)}{k}\right)^{2}\;$?

How to prove this identity? $$\pi=\sum_{k=-\infty}^{\infty}\left(\dfrac{\sin(k)}{k}\right)^{2}\;$$ I found the above interesting identity in the book $\bf \pi$ Unleashed. Does anyone knows how to ...
57
votes
10answers
12k views

Stirling's formula: proof?

Suppose we want to show that $$ n! \sim \sqrt{2 \pi} n^{n+(1/2)}e^{-n}$$ Instead we could show that $$\lim_{n \to \infty} \frac{n!}{n^{n+(1/2)}e^{-n}} = C$$ where $C$ is a constant. Maybe $C = \sqrt{...
54
votes
6answers
21k views

Does $ \int_0^{\infty}\frac{\sin x}{x}dx $ have an improper Riemann integral or a Lebesgue integral?

In this wikipedia article for improper integrals, $$ \int_0^{\infty}\frac{\sin x}{x}dx $$ is given as an example for the integrals that have an improper Riemann integral but do not have a (proper) ...
21
votes
3answers
852 views

Evaluating $\int_0^{\infty} \text{sinc}^m(x) dx$

How do I evaluate $$I_m = \displaystyle \int_0^{\infty} \text{sinc}^m(x) dx,$$ where $m \in \mathbb{Z}^+$? For $m=1$ and $m=2$, we have the well-known result that this equals $\dfrac{\pi}2$. In ...
19
votes
4answers
1k views

Frullani 's theorem in a complex context.

It is possible to prove that $$\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{e^{-ix}-e^{-x}}{x}dx=-i\frac{\pi}{2}$$ and in this case the Frullani's theorem does not hold since, if we consider the function $f(x)=e^{-x}$, we ...
11
votes
6answers
1k views

show that $\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac {\sin^3(x)}{x^3}dx=\frac{3\pi}{8}$

show that $$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac {\sin^3(x)}{x^3}dx=\frac{3\pi}{8}$$ using different ways thanks for all
11
votes
2answers
11k views

Computing $\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{\sin x}{x} \mathrm{d}x$ with residue calculus

This refers back to the integral of $\frac{\sin(x)}x = \frac\pi2$ already posted. How do I arrive at $\frac\pi2$ using the residue theorem? I'm at the following point: $$\int \frac{e^{iz}}{z} - \int \...
10
votes
5answers
206 views

How do I find $\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sin^4 x}{x^2}\,dx$?

I need help evaluating the following integral $$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sin^4 x}{x^2}\,dx$$ which should probably be equal to $\frac{\pi}{4}$ Using some trigonometric manipulations I got $\frac{3}{8}...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

A Complex approach to sine integral [duplicate]

this integral: $$\int_0^{+\infty}\frac{\sin x}{x}\text{d}x=\frac{\pi}{2}$$ is very famous and had been discussed in the past days in this forum. and I have learned some elegant way to computer it. ...
10
votes
1answer
265 views

How to show that $\int_{0}^{\infty}{\sin(x)\sin(2x)\sin(4x)\cdots\sin(2^kx)\over x^{k+1}}\mathrm dx=2^{0.5(k^2-k-2)}\pi?$

$$\int_{0}^{\infty}{\sin(x)\sin(2x)\sin(4x)\cdots\sin(2^kx)\over x^{k+1}}\mathrm dx=2^{0.5(k^2-k-2)}\pi\tag1$$ $k\ge0$ Experimental using wolfram integrator, let me to conclude the closed form for $(...
9
votes
4answers
583 views

How to find $\int\frac{\sin x}{x}dx$

How do I integrate $$\int\frac{\sin(x)}xdx$$? I tried using integration by parts, but it led me to nowhere. Please help.
9
votes
6answers
314 views

Show that $\int^{\infty}_{0}\left(\frac{\sin(x)}{x}\right)^2 < 2$

I`m trying to show that this integral is converges and $<2$ $$\int^{\infty}_{0}\left(\frac{\sin(x)}{x}\right)^2dx < 2$$ What I did is to show this expression: $$\int^{1}_{0}\left(\frac{\sin(x)}{...
8
votes
3answers
135 views

How to bound $\int_{0}^{a}{\frac{1-\cos x}{x^2}}$?

I was trying to prove $$\left|\int_{0}^{a}{\frac{1-\cos{x}}{x^2}}dx-\frac{\pi}{2}\right|\leq \frac{3}{a}$$ or $\leq \frac{2}{a}$. My work: I would like to use Fubini's theorem to prove it. I ...
8
votes
0answers
102 views

integrate $F(x)$: NO complex analysis, NO multivariable calculus

Suppose I have an elementary function $F(x)$ for which $\int_{-\infty}^\infty F(x) \, \text{d}x $ has an elementary value. Here 'elementary value' means anything generated by $0,1,+,-,\div,\times,\exp,...

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