Linked Questions

20
votes
2answers
2k views

Find all integer solutions for the equation $|5x^2 - y^2| = 4$

In a paper that I wrote as an undergraduate student, I conjectured that the only integer solutions to the equation $$|5x^2 - y^2| = 4$$ occur when $x$ is a Fibonacci number and $y$ is a Lucas number. ...
16
votes
3answers
245 views

Is there a simple proof that if $(b-a)(b+a) = ab - 1$, then $a, b$ must be Fibonacci numbers? [duplicate]

Consider the identity $(b-a)(b+a) = ab - 1$, where $a, b$ are nonnegative integers. We can also express this identity as $a^2 + ab - b^2 = 1$. This identity is clearly true when $a = F_{2i-1}$ and $...
15
votes
6answers
2k views

How to find solutions of $x^2-3y^2=-2$?

According to MathWorld, Pentagonal Triangular Number: A number which is simultaneously a pentagonal number $P_n$ and triangular number $T_m$. Such numbers exist when $$\frac{1}{2}n(3n-1)=\frac{1}{...
13
votes
5answers
1k views

Another quadratic Diophantine equation: How do I proceed?

How would I find all the fundamental solutions of the Pell-like equation $x^2-10y^2=9$ I've swapped out the original problem from this question for a couple reasons. I already know the solution to ...
8
votes
5answers
379 views

If $(m,n)\in\mathbb Z_+^2$ satisfies $3m^2+m = 4n^2+n$ then $(m-n)$ is a perfect square.

I came across this question on another forum. The question is: $$ \text{If $m,n\in \mathbb{Z}_+$ such that $3m^2+m=4n^2+n$, then $(m-n)$ is a perfect square.}$$ I have managed to partially prove ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Does the Pell-like equation $X^2-dY^2=k$ have a simple recursion like $X^2-dY^2=1$?

If $d \ne 0$ is a non-square integer, and $(u,v)$ is an integer solution to the Pell equation $$ X^2 - dY^2 = 1, \tag{$\star$} $$ then each solution $(x_i,y_i)$ can be recursively calculated using ...
6
votes
6answers
2k views

Positive integer $n$ such that $2n+1$ , $3n+1$ are both perfect squares

How many positive integer $n$ are there such that $2n+1$ , $3n+1$ are both perfect squares ? $n=40$ is a solution . Is this the only solution ? Is it possible to tell whether finitely many or ...
6
votes
2answers
126 views

Solve the following equation for x and y:

$x^2 = y^2 + xy + 5$, where $x$ and $y$ are natural numbers. Here is what I have so far: $x \neq y$ (from the equation). $x$ is always odd (using the equation and assuming $2$ cases - $y$ is odd or $...
5
votes
2answers
275 views

Maps of primitive vectors and Conway's river, has anyone built this in SAGE?

I am attempting to teach number theory from John Stillwell's Elements of Number Theory in the upcoming semester. There are two sections (5.7 and 5.8) which describe the diagrammatic method for the ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Finding all solutions of the Pell-type equation $x^2-5y^2 = -4$

I wanted to solve the equation $x^2-5y^2 = -4$ with $x$ and $y$ integers. Let $\omega=\frac{1+\sqrt5}{2}$ and $A = \mathbb{Z}[\omega]$. One can reduce the Pell equation to finding the elements of $A$ ...
5
votes
1answer
317 views

Why can't the Alpertron solve this Pell-like equation?

Dario Alpern's Alpertron is convenient for solving Pell and Pell-like equations. It can even solve the one at the heart of Archimedes' cattle problem, $$p^2-(4)(609)(7766)(4657^2)q^2=1$$ and give ...
4
votes
3answers
254 views

Find all natural numbers $n$ such that $21n^2-20$ is a perfect square.

Find all natural numbers $n$ such that $21n^2-20$ is a perfect square. I have got the following solutions via programming: $n=1,2,3,9,14,43,67$ but how can I find these manually? How can I ...
3
votes
2answers
133 views

Integer as sum of 6 squares.

Can every integer be written as sum of exactly 6 squares? I am also curious to know when an integer can be written as sum of exactly 8 squares. I know the problem is related to Waring-Hilbert ...
3
votes
1answer
743 views

how to solve binary form $ax^2+bxy+cy^2=m$, for integer and rational $ (x,y)$

solve $ 3x^2+3xy-5y^2=55$ using number theory tools ,i have found the following $\Delta=3^2+4(5)(3)=9+60=69$ $d=69,u=1$ $w_{69}=\frac{1+\sqrt{69}}{2}$ $O_{69}=\theta_{-11}=[1,\frac{1+\sqrt{69}...
3
votes
2answers
145 views

Infinitely many systems of $23$ consecutive integers

Prove that there are infinitely many systems of $23$ consecutive integers whose sum of squares is a perfect square. My try: $$(n-11)^2+\cdots+(n+11)^2=23n^2+1012=23(n^2+44)=m^2$$ so $m=23k$ , $n^2=...

15 30 50 per page