Linked Questions

20
votes
2answers
2k views

Find all integer solutions for the equation $|5x^2 - y^2| = 4$

In a paper that I wrote as an undergraduate student, I conjectured that the only integer solutions to the equation $$|5x^2 - y^2| = 4$$ occur when $x$ is a Fibonacci number and $y$ is a Lucas number. ...
6
votes
2answers
124 views

Solve the following equation for x and y:

$x^2 = y^2 + xy + 5$, where $x$ and $y$ are natural numbers. Here is what I have so far: $x \neq y$ (from the equation). $x$ is always odd (using the equation and assuming $2$ cases - $y$ is odd or $...
5
votes
2answers
272 views

Maps of primitive vectors and Conway's river, has anyone built this in SAGE?

I am attempting to teach number theory from John Stillwell's Elements of Number Theory in the upcoming semester. There are two sections (5.7 and 5.8) which describe the diagrammatic method for the ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Finding all solutions of the Pell-type equation $x^2-5y^2 = -4$

I wanted to solve the equation $x^2-5y^2 = -4$ with $x$ and $y$ integers. Let $\omega=\frac{1+\sqrt5}{2}$ and $A = \mathbb{Z}[\omega]$. One can reduce the Pell equation to finding the elements of $A$ ...
3
votes
2answers
131 views

Integer as sum of 6 squares.

Can every integer be written as sum of exactly 6 squares? I am also curious to know when an integer can be written as sum of exactly 8 squares. I know the problem is related to Waring-Hilbert ...
3
votes
2answers
143 views

Infinitely many systems of $23$ consecutive integers

Prove that there are infinitely many systems of $23$ consecutive integers whose sum of squares is a perfect square. My try: $$(n-11)^2+\cdots+(n+11)^2=23n^2+1012=23(n^2+44)=m^2$$ so $m=23k$ , $n^2=...
2
votes
2answers
153 views

How to prove that the roots of this equation are integers?

Let there be an equation $a^2 + 4ab + b^2 - 121 = 0$ where I want to prove that a,b are integers. Then I want to find whether there are integer values of $b$ for which $a$ is also an integer. Let us ...
2
votes
2answers
607 views

Solving the equation $ x^2-7y^2=-3 $ over integers

I'd like to solve the following Pell equation: $$ x^2-7y^2=-3 $$ Where $x$ and $y$ are integers. I applied the usual procedure, which avoids continued fractions: The two minimal positive integer ...
0
votes
2answers
348 views

Solutions to Diophantine Equations

I am looking for integer solutions to the equation $$x^2 = 5y^2 + 14y + 1$$ I know that Pell's Equation is of the form $x^2 - ny^2=1$ and that there exist algorithms to solve this equation. I was ...
5
votes
1answer
311 views

Why can't the Alpertron solve this Pell-like equation?

Dario Alpern's Alpertron is convenient for solving Pell and Pell-like equations. It can even solve the one at the heart of Archimedes' cattle problem, $$p^2-(4)(609)(7766)(4657^2)q^2=1$$ and give ...
3
votes
1answer
722 views

how to solve binary form $ax^2+bxy+cy^2=m$, for integer and rational $ (x,y)$

solve $ 3x^2+3xy-5y^2=55$ using number theory tools ,i have found the following $\Delta=3^2+4(5)(3)=9+60=69$ $d=69,u=1$ $w_{69}=\frac{1+\sqrt{69}}{2}$ $O_{69}=\theta_{-11}=[1,\frac{1+\sqrt{69}...
1
vote
1answer
171 views

Generalized Pell's equation

We know that Let $d$ be a positive square free integer and $r$ an integer satify $r^2+|r|\le d$. Suppose $x$ and $y$ are positive integers that satify $x^2-dy^2=r$. Then $\frac xy$ is a convergent to ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

To find all integral solutions of $3x^2 - 4y^2 = 11$

I have to find all integral solutions of $3x^2 - 4y^2 = 11$. I looked at the equation $\text{mod}\ 3$, and $\text{mod}\ 4$ to see that $x^2 \equiv 1\ \text{mod}\ 4$ and $y^2 \equiv 1\ \text{mod}\ 3$ ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Small integral representation as $x^2-2y^2$ in Pell's equation

Let $k$ be a "representable" positive integer, in the sense that $k=|x^2-2y^2|$ for some integers $x,y$. Does it necessarily follow that $k$ can also be represented with small parameters, i.e. $k=|u^2-...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

Finding integers of the form $3x^2 + xy - 5y^2$ where $x$ and $y$ are integers, using diagram via arithmetic progression

So the diagram drawn looks like this: We begin at the edges labeled $3$ and $-5$ because we are using those as the bases for $x$ and $y$, respectively. The way we obtain the values of the 2 adjacent ...

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