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This is my first question (ever), and I am pretty new to math. So I ask for patience and understanding in advance.

So this is the proof I came up with:

Consider $G = (V,E). $ By definition of Eulerian circuit, $$ \exists\ W: v_0, v_1,\cdots, v_k=v_o $$ And there is no isolated vertex $$ V = \{v_0, v_1,\cdots,v_k \}$$
Take $v_i, v_j \in V $. Consider $ j = i + k $ where $k \in \mathbb{N} $. Then, $ v_j, v_{j+1}, \cdots, v_{j+k} = v_i $ is a walk. Hence, $\exists$ a path between $v_i$ and $v_j$. Hence connected.

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  • $\begingroup$ So what is your question? Are you asking whether your proof is correct? $\endgroup$ – Joao Oct 28 '14 at 3:48
  • $\begingroup$ Yes. I feel a little uncomfortable proving graph theorems so I wanted some feed-backs (and perhaps some assurance). $\endgroup$ – Henri L Oct 28 '14 at 4:15
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Your proof is generally fine; I can follow your logic. If we really want to be nitpicky:

  • You should probably mention that we are assuming that $G = (V,E)$ has an Eulerian circuit and has no isolated vertices.
  • You should say: "Since $G$ has no isolated vertices, we know that $V = \{v_0, \ldots, v_k\}$."
  • When you take $v_i, v_j \in V$, you should say that they are distinct and that we are assuming, without loss of generality, that $i < j$. This guarantees that $k$ really is a natural number.
  • When you explicitly specify the walk between $v_i$ and $v_j$, you seem to have mixed up $i$ with $j$.
  • It's usually better to use complete English sentences in proofs. Avoid unnecessary logic symbols. Finish your proof with something like: "Hence, there exists a path between $v_i$ and $v_j$ so that $G$ is connected, as desired."
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    $\begingroup$ Thank you so much! I am beginning to like math (never really liked math back in high school) and this kind of instruction does really help me. Thanks! $\endgroup$ – Henri L Oct 28 '14 at 4:17

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