5
$\begingroup$

Using the identity $T(M \times N) = T(M) \times T(N)$, it is easy to construct the tangent bundles for various smooth manifolds such as the n-dimensional sphere $S^{n}$. However, I could not figure out a way to picture the tangent bundles for more complicated manifolds such as the klein bottle or the real projective plane. For the klein bottle, would one have to use an identity like the above to construct the tangent bundle? More importantly, how would one be able to picture it? I have seen many examples in which tangent bundles may be decomposed into the direct sum of several bundles, would this make it easier to picture the tangent bundle for these manifolds?

$\endgroup$
  • 3
    $\begingroup$ "Geometry is the art of correct reasoning from incorrectly drawn figures." — Henri Poincaré $\endgroup$ – Sammy Black Oct 17 '14 at 3:11
  • $\begingroup$ It is sometimes the case that a tangent bundle cannot be decomposed as a direct sum of simpler bundles. In these situations, you have to resort to a series of overlapping local pictures if you picture anything at all. $\endgroup$ – Sammy Black Oct 17 '14 at 3:15
  • 2
    $\begingroup$ Btw: Why does the formula for the product help you to find the tangent bundle for the sphere? The sphere is not a direct product of lower-dimensional spheres. $\endgroup$ – PhoemueX Oct 17 '14 at 4:49

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.