Splitting in Short exact sequence

I am trying to find whether $\{1\}\longrightarrow\mathbb{Z}\longrightarrow\mathbb{R}\longrightarrow\mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}\longrightarrow \{1\}$ splits. My conjecture is it is not as we cannot find a non-zero group homomorphism from $\mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$ to $\mathbb{R}$. If my conjecture is correct, can we tweak the above sequence so that it splits?

• By the way with abelian groups, denoting the operation by $+$, it's typical to refer to the trivial group as $\{0\}$. – Sammy Black Oct 13 '14 at 2:55

If it is we get $\Bbb R=\Bbb R/\Bbb Z\oplus \Bbb Z$ which is not possible, because there is no element of finite order in $\Bbb R$.
• @ Hamou $\Bbb R$ is connected, but $\Bbb Z$ is not connected. – aliakbar Aug 19 '15 at 4:51
The sequence $0 \to \mathbb{Q}\to \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Q}\to 0$ splits.
To have a split one you need the subgroup to be divisible ( a $\mathbb{Q}$ vector subspace).
• Oh, so $\Bbb R \cong \Bbb Q \oplus \Bbb R / \Bbb Q$? Interesting... – Matthew Levy Dec 23 '14 at 21:55
• A subgroup of a $\mathbb{Q}$-vector space is a direct summand if and only if it is in fact a subspace, that is, a divisible subgroup. Note that $\mathbb{R}$ is a $\mathbb{Q}$ vector space. – Orest Bucicovschi Dec 24 '14 at 4:38