# Limit Question: Where did the x^2 come from?

I understand almost everything until I get to the third line. If one multiplies the top and bottom by 1/x, where did the x^2 come from? Can someone explain. If you can't explain it simply, you don't understand it well enough. Albert Einstein

• Irrelevant to the question, but that Einstein Quote is falsely attributed to him. – UserX Oct 12 '14 at 16:40

I assume that you mean the $x^2$ denominators inside the square root. To "put the $x$ into" the square root, you must square it. For example:

$$\frac13\sqrt5=\sqrt{\frac59}$$

This is why the $x$ is squared.

By the way. Although your question has to be with a limit, it is not a limit question. This is algebra.

• Can you show me another way. I still do not understand. – user137452 Oct 12 '14 at 16:41

Because he puts the (1/x) in the root, so 1/x=root(1/x^2). See it?

• What law of real number is this? – user137452 Oct 12 '14 at 16:44
• If x is assumed positive, and you call y=root(1/x)=1/root(x), by definition you have: y^2=x – mvggz Oct 12 '14 at 16:48
• @user137452 It follows from the rules $(a^b)^c = a^{bc}$ and $x^a y^a = (xy)^a$. You go from $x^{-1} x^{1/2}$ to $(x^{-2})^{1/2} x^{1/2}$ with the first rule. Then you go to $(x^{-1})^{1/2}$ with the second rule and simplification. – Ian Oct 12 '14 at 16:54

$$\frac{\sqrt{81x^2+x}}x=\frac{\sqrt{81x^2+x}}{\sqrt{x^2}}=\sqrt{\frac{81x^2+x}{x^2}}=\sqrt{81\frac{x^2}{x^2}+\frac x{x^2}}=\sqrt{81+\frac1x}$$