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I have been trying to solve the following equation for a while and i can't seem to figure it out, your help would be greatly appreciated. Here is the equation: $3^x$=$5^{x-1}$

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  • $\begingroup$ If $x$ is an integer, there is no solution. If $a$and $b$ are coprime, then $a^m=b^n$ has no solutions for integer $n$ and $m$ $\endgroup$ – Joao Oct 9 '14 at 2:29
  • $\begingroup$ Take the logarithm of both sides, any base you like. I would use the natural logarithm (base $e$), but if you prefer $10$, that's fine too. $\endgroup$ – André Nicolas Oct 9 '14 at 2:31
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Hints:

$$5^{x-1}=\frac {5^x}5\\ \frac{a^q}{b^q}=\left(\frac ab\right)^q$$

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  • $\begingroup$ I had considered this but did not think it was the right thing to do. Thanks for pointing me in the right direction. $\endgroup$ – FutureSci Oct 9 '14 at 2:47
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Hint: $$\log_3(5^{x-1})=(x-1)\log_3(5)$$

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    $\begingroup$ Or, perhaps more practically, $\ln(5^{x-1})=(x-1)\ln 5$. +1 for you either way. $\endgroup$ – MPW Oct 9 '14 at 2:37
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Here are the steps $$ 3^x=5^{x-1} $$ $$ 1=\frac{5^{x-1}}{3^x}= 5^{x-1}3^{-x} $$ $$ 1= e^{\ln(5^{x-1}3^{-x})} = e^{\ln(5^{x-1})+\ln(3^{-x})} $$ $$ \ln(1)= \ln(5^{x-1})+\ln(3^{-x}) $$ $$ 0= (x-1)\ln(5)-x\ln(3) $$ $$ \ln(5)= x\ln(5)-x\ln(3) $$ $$ \ln(5)= x(\ln(5)-\ln(3)) $$ $$ x=\frac{\ln(5)}{\ln(5)-\ln(3)} $$

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$$ (\frac53)^x = 5 $$ $$ x = \frac{\ln 5}{\ln \frac53} =... $$

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