# Characterization of solvable groups in terms of subgroups of certain orders?

In this question, the OP mentions the following result: a finite group $G$ is solvable if and only if

$$\text{for all n dividing |G| such that \gcd(\frac{|G|}{n},n)=1, G has a subroup order n}. \,\, (*)$$

This was surprising to me: for one thing, this together with the Sylow theorems implies the Burnside Theorem. The OP didn't provide a reference, and a proof wasn't apparent to me. A cursory web search and a perusal of my algebra texts yielded no results.

On the other hand, a counterexample didn't immediately come to mind -- but it would suffice to find a group of order less than $60$ which does not satisfy $(*)$, or to find a finite non-abelian simple group satisfying $(*)$.

My questions is this: is this characterization of solvable groups valid? I'd like either a proof, a reference to a proof, or a counterexample. Many thanks in advance!