# How do I show that $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{7},\sqrt{-1})$ is Galois?

How do I show that $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{7},\sqrt{-1})$ is Galois?

At first I thought it was the splitting field of $x^4-7$, but I was only able to prove that it was a subfield of the splitting field. Any ideas?

I'm trying to find all the intermediate fields in terms of their generators, but I don't understand how. I am trying to imitate Dummit and Foote on this. I am looking at the subgroups of the Galois group in terms of $\tau$ where $\tau$ is the automorphism that takes $\sqrt{7}$ to itself and $i$ to $-i$, and $\sigma$ that takes $\sqrt{7}$ to $i\sqrt{7}$ and $i$ to itself. How do I, for example, find the subfield corresponding to $\{1, \tau\sigma^3\}$? I know I am supposed to find four elements of the galois group that $\tau\sigma^3$ fixes, but so far i can only find $-\sqrt{7}^3$.

• If you can show that $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{7},i)$ is a subfield of the splitting field, then show that every root of $x^4-7$ is in $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{7})$ and you'll be done. – Arturo Magidin Dec 4 '11 at 6:55
• @MathMastersStudent: You are on the right track with only a small step left, what went wrong? – Eric Naslund Dec 4 '11 at 6:58
• You have asked 9 questions, and you haven't accepted any answers. Do you know how to accept answers? Do you understand the importance to this website of accepting answers? – Gerry Myerson Dec 4 '11 at 7:00
• Gerry, so sorry! I didn't know there was such a thing. I will check the meta-section and accept ASAP. This ite is wonderful. – MathTeacher Dec 4 '11 at 7:24

The splitting field of your polynomial is generated by the $a=\sqrt 7$, $-a$, $ia$ and $-ia$, its roots. It therefore contains $a$ and $i=\frac{ia}{a}$. Obviously, the field generated by $a$ and $i$ also contains the four roots.
• Thanks Mariano. I am also asked to find explicit generators of the intermediate fields between $\mathbb{Q}$ and $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{7},i)$. Should I just first look at the subgroups of the Galois group, or would this be doing down the wrong path? – MathTeacher Dec 4 '11 at 9:28
• You should :) ${}$ – Mariano Suárez-Álvarez Dec 4 '11 at 13:08