The demand, $X$, for a firm’s product is a random variable with density $f(x) = 2x$ for $0 ≤ x ≤ 1$. The corresponding cumulative distribution function is $F (x) = x^2$ for $0 ≤ x ≤ 1$. The firm’s profits, $Y$ , as a function of $X$ are $Y = \sqrt X − \frac14$ . What is the probability that the firm realizes a loss?
I see that the derivative of the cdf is the density, but I'm not sure how to apply this information to the profit equation. I'm guessing that I need to set the profit function to zero.