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Let $A,B,C$ be sets, and $B \cap C=\emptyset$. Show $|A^{B \cup C}|=|A^B \times A^C|$ by defining a bijection $f:A^{B \cup C} \rightarrow A^B \times A^C$.

Any hints on this one?

Thank you!

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Hint: If $f$ is a function is a function from $B\cup C$ to $A$, let $f_B$ ($f$ restricted to $B$) be the function from $B$ to $A$ defined by $f_B(b)=f(b)$. Define $f_C$ analogously.

Now show that the mapping $\varphi$ which takes any $f$ in $A^{B\cup C}$ to the ordered pair $(f_B,f_C)$ is a bijection from $A^{B\cup C}$ to $A^B\times A^C$.

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