# Am I missing out by not knowing another language?

A bunch of famous mathematicians, e.g. Kolmogorov, Bourbaki,' Laplace, Lebesgue etc. wrote in foreign languages and I have seen peripherally that lots of new results are published in French.

Basically all the important old writings have been translated into English and polished from their original state, and big journals translate most of their papers. Despite this, time and time again I run into math in a foreign language (For example, works written by the listed authors or the occasional link to an untranslated foreign paper).

What is gained by reading these writings in their original form? Is it worth the effort of learning to read in another language?

Others seem to think the answer is no, at least for Russian What resources are there for learning Russian math terminology?

• Absolutely. ${}{}{}$ – Pedro Tamaroff May 14 '14 at 3:33
• You might argue that knowing another language expands your overall world, and an enriched world contains a larger variety of ideas, perspectives that might help your math. I think that albeit oblique, it is not too much of a stretch. – user99680 May 14 '14 at 3:38
• It depends. Learning French is a good idea since many modern French papers are not translated to English. Learning anything else on rudimentary level is useful if you plan to travel to that country. Learning Russian just in order to read Kolmogorov in Russian would not be a good idea (most of what he wrote was translated). – Moishe Kohan May 14 '14 at 4:10
• Learning as language enough to understand complex arguments, moreover when written by less than stellar writers (truth to be told, most papers are written in an atrocious style) is a hard, long process. – vonbrand May 14 '14 at 11:59
• Have the seminal works in algebraic geometry by Grothendieck et al. been translated? I don't think so, and would be very (happily!) surprised to hear if they have. – Danu Feb 23 '16 at 14:22

This alone is a poor motivation for the enormous effort required to learn a language.

• The majority of contemporary results seem to be published in or translated to English
• A foreign workmate or friend can be asked to summarize important results of the paper
• Mathematical results are technical, not artistic, so there is no danger that the "spirit of what is being done" is lost in translation

Although I agree with what has been said, I'd like to make a remark. I had two years of French in high school. And it has been years since I've practiced it. If I were asked to speak it, I would probably sound funny to anyone who speaks French well. And higher powers have mercy on me if I'm asked to recount what somebody said in French. However, my recent research has led me to reference several papers in French. And I was surprised by how quickly I was able to understand what was being said. Honestly, the hardest part of the reading was dissecting what 'elementary' assumptions were being taken for granted. Of course, there were a handful of words that I didn't know. Mostly prepositions and adverbs. But those are quick to look up, and that's kind of the point I'm trying to get at. Math presentation isn't usually "flowery". And just knowing the sentence structure, the syntax, the grammar, and an elementary vocabulary was enough for me to muddle through the French.'

But of course, two years (even if it was a while ago) is a significant amount of time to study a language. Perhaps more than you have time for. And I have the benefit that English is my mother tongue---which has no small borrowings from French. So, I don't know if this cursory knowledge of a language would be easily as applicable to something like Russian.

But just like math doesn't change around the world, math presentation doesn't change much either. The kind of troubles you face in reading math in your mother tongue (why are they doing things in this order? what assumptions are they working from? how does that follow? what they claim here doesn't seem obvious to me... ) are going to be exactly the same wherever you go.

• Studying french for a couple of years has allowed me to understand most technical writings in that language (albeit with a lot of trips to the dictionary). I speak spanish and english fluently though so I don't know how well this generalizes, as @Bryan pointed out. – facuq Mar 2 '16 at 16:55