# Prove $\|T(x)\| = \|x\|$ iff $\langle T(x),T(y)\rangle = \langle x,y\rangle$

Let T be a linear operator on an inner product space $V$. Prove that $\lVert T(x)\rVert = \lVert x\rVert$ for all $x$ in $V$ iff $\langle T(x), T(y)\rangle = \langle x,y\rangle$ for all $x,y$ in $V$.

I tried using $\lVert T(x-y)\rVert = \lVert x-y\rVert$ and I got stuck when I got to $\langle T(x),T(y)\rangle + \langle T(y),T(x)\rangle = \langle x,y\rangle + \langle y,x\rangle$

Please give me some idea how to proceed from there or is there any other way to prove this? Thank you.

If you are working over $\mathbb{R}$, then you are done, since $\langle v,w\rangle = \langle w,v\rangle$.
If you are working over $\mathbb{C}$, then you now have that the real part of $\langle T(x),T(y)\rangle$ is equal to the real part of $\langle x,y\rangle$.
Now look at $\lVert T(x-iy)\rVert$ versus $\lVert x-iy\rVert$.
• @Gigi: We are not ignoring anything. For a complex inner product, $$\langle x,y\rangle = \overline{\langle y,x\rangle},$$ where the line signifies the complex conjugate. And if you have a complex number $z$, then $z+\overline{z}$ is twice the real part of $z$; apply that to $\langle x,y\rangle + \langle y,x\rangle$ and to $\langle T(x),T(y)\rangle + \langle T(y),T(x)\rangle$; and for the next part, you'll need to remember that $z-\overline{z}$ is $2i$ times the imaginary part, and the complex inner products are sesquilinear, not bilinear (scalars come out from the second entry conjugated). – Arturo Magidin Nov 5 '11 at 6:02
• @Hassan: The converse is immediate: if $\langle T(x),T(y)\rangle = \langle x,y\rangle$ for all $x$ and $y$, then take $x=y$ to get $\lVert T(x)\rVert^2 = \lVert x\rVert^2$. – Arturo Magidin Nov 5 '11 at 20:43