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Suppose P is a $2 \times 2$ matrix and both $m_i$ and $n_i$ are given 2 dimensional vectors in Cartesian coordinates, $d$ is an Euclidean distance. Is the following correct?

I will try to rewrite the problem as $b - Ax$ and minimize over $x$. $$i \leq N$$ $$P = \begin{pmatrix}p_1 & p_2 \\ p_3 & p_4\end{pmatrix} \mapsto x = \begin{pmatrix}p_1 \\p_2\\p_3\\p_4\end{pmatrix}$$ $$b \in R^{2N}; b = \begin{pmatrix}m_{1,1} \\m_{1,2}\\m_{2,1} \\m_{2,2}\\\vdots\\m_{N,2}\end{pmatrix}$$ $$A \in R^{2N \times 4}$$ $$A = \begin{pmatrix}n_{1,1} & n_{1,2} & 0 & 0 \\0 & 0 & n_{1,1} & n_{1,2} \\ n_{2,1} & n_{2,2} & 0 & 0 \\0 & 0 & n_{2,1} & n_{2,2} \\ \vdots & \vdots & \vdots & \vdots \\ 0 & 0 & n_{N,1} & n_{N,2}\end{pmatrix}$$

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Your problem is much simpler...

Minimization can be performed independently for unknowns $(p_{1}, p_{2})$ and $(p_{3}, p_{4})$.

$$ I(p_{1}, p_{2}, p_{3}, p_{4}) = \sum \limits_{i = 1}^{N}((m_{i, 1} - p_{1} n_{i, 1} - p_{2} n_{i, 2})^{2} + (m_{i, 2} - p_{3} n_{i, 1} - p_{4} n_{i, 2})^{2}) = \\ = I_{1}(p_{1}, p_{2}) + I_{2}(p_{3}, p_{4}) $$

where

$$ I_{1}(p_{1}, p_{2}) = \sum \limits_{i = 1}^{N}(m_{i, 1} - p_{1} n_{i, 1} - p_{2} n_{i, 2})^{2} $$

and

$$ I_{2}(p_{3}, p_{4}) = \sum \limits_{i = 1}^{N}(m_{i, 2} - p_{3} n_{i, 1} - p_{4} n_{i, 2})^{2} $$

can be minimized independently with usual least squares method.

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  • $\begingroup$ Thanks for reply, but still... is my approach correct? $\endgroup$ Jul 10, 2014 at 15:41
  • $\begingroup$ Yes, i think it is. If you write down the matrix product, you will obtain the same formulas. $\endgroup$ Jul 10, 2014 at 15:43

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