# The analytic spread of an ideal

Let $(R,\mathbb{m})$ be a Noetherian local ring and $I$ an ideal of $R$. Let $t$ be an indeterminate over $R$. The analytic spread $l(I)$ of $I$ is defined to be the Krull dimension of the ring $R[It]/\mathbb{m}R[It]$. Let $x$ be another indeterminate over $R$, then $\mathbb{m}R[x]$ is a prime ideal of $R[x]$ and $R\rightarrow R[x]_{mR[x]}$ is a faithfully flat ring extension, Let $R(x)=R[x]_{\mathbb{m}R[x]}$.

The question is: Why $l(I)=l(IR(x))$?

This is a conclusion in Lemma 8.4.2 in I. Swanson and C. Huneke's book " Integral closure of ideals, rings and modules". I don't know how to prove it, any help will be appreciated!

Let $A=R[It]/\mathfrak{m}R[It]$. Let $k=R/\mathfrak{m}$. Let $B=R[x]_{\mathfrak{m}R[x]}$, $J=IB$, $C=B[Jt]/\mathfrak{m}B[Jt]$. We need to show that the Krull dimensions of $A$ and $C$ are same.

Then $B/\mathfrak{m}B=k(x)$, $A=R/\mathfrak{m}\otimes_R R[It]$ and $C=B/\mathfrak{m}B\otimes_BB[Jt]$.

Since $B$ is flat over $R$, we have $B\otimes_RI^n=I^nB=J^n$ for any $n\geq 0$, it follows that $B[Jt]=B\otimes_RR[It]$ as $R$-modules, but the isomorphism is also a ring map (check it), so $B[Jt]=B\otimes_RR[It]$ as rings.

Now $C=B/\mathfrak{m}B\otimes_B(B\otimes_RR[It])=B/\mathfrak{m}B\otimes_RR[It]=(B/\mathfrak{m}B\otimes_{R/\mathfrak{m}}R/\mathfrak{m})\otimes_RR[It]=k(x)\otimes_kA$.

We only need to show $k(x)\otimes_kA$ and $A$ have the same Krull dimension.

Notice that $R$ is Noetherian, $I$ is finitely generated, say $I=(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$, then $A=k[\overline{x}_1t,\ldots,\overline{x}_nt]$ where $\overline{x}_i$ denotes the image of $x_i$ in $I/\mathfrak{m}I$, thus $A$ is a finitely generated $k$-algebra.

By Noether's normalization lemma, we can find algebraically independent elements $y_1,\ldots,y_r\in A$ such that $A$ is integral over $k[y_1,\ldots,y_r]$. So $k(x)\otimes_kA$ is integral over $k(x)\otimes_kk[y_1,\ldots,y_r]=k(x)[y_1,\ldots,y_r]$, thus $k(x)\otimes_kA$ is of dimension $r$ ($=\dim A$).

We win.

• user119882, thank you! To use Noether's normalization lemma is necessary which I did not know, thank you! – gaotian81 May 8 '14 at 13:24