Suppose that $a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n$ are $n$ distinct real numbers; is the following statement true?

There is a permutation of $a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n$, namely $b_1,b_2,\ldots,b_n$, such that the determinant of the following matrix is nonzero: $$ \begin{bmatrix} b_1&b_2&\cdots&b_n\\ b_2&b_3&\cdots&b_1\\ \vdots&\vdots&\ddots&\vdots\\ b_n&b_1&\cdots&b_{n-1}\\ \end{bmatrix} $$

(Such a matrix is called a circulant matrix.)

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ It seems that it is anticirculant matrix. $\endgroup$
    – Widawensen
    Jul 20, 2017 at 16:10

2 Answers 2


This statement is not true, without supplementary conditions on the $a_i$'s. Indeed, suppose the $\sum_{k=1}^na_k=0 $, whatever your permutation is the vector $[1,1,\ldots,1]^T$ is in the kernel of the circulant matrix of the $b_i$'s, and consequently, its determinant is $0$.

  • 2
    $\begingroup$ Better answer than mine :P $\endgroup$
    – Pipicito
    Apr 26, 2014 at 16:51

Not in the general case. Take $a_1=-1$ and $a_2=1$. In any case the determinant will be $0$.

  • $\begingroup$ Your answer is true but didn't covers general case! $\endgroup$
    – k1.M
    Apr 26, 2014 at 17:12

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