I am studying Kunen's article Random and Cohen forcing [1], and I meet a problem. On page 904, Theorem 3.13 states that if $M$ is a countable transitive model of ZFC, $I,J,K \in M$ such that $I$ is a disjoint union of $J$ and $K$, and $F \in 2^{I}$ is null-generic over $M$ (i.e. a random real), then the restriction of $F$ on $K$ is generic over $M[F|J]$ (that is (2)).

He proved this by letting $r$ be a name for random reals. Then he said there is a formula $\psi(r)$ which represents "$r|K$ is generic over $M[r|J]$". What does $\psi$ looks like? I don't know how to write "$r_{F}|K$ is generic over $M[r_{F}|J]$" as a formula in $M[F]$, could anybody help me?

Bibliography: (Added by A.K.)

  1. Kenneth Kunen. Random and Cohen Reals. Handbook of Set–Theoretic Topology, pp 887–911. Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., 1984.
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ I have added the reference to the article, so people can look it up more easily. $\endgroup$
    – Asaf Karagila
    Oct 23, 2011 at 13:08
  • $\begingroup$ Sounds like you need a reference to Solovay's theorem (in Kanamori's "The Higher Infinite" 10.21). $\endgroup$
    – Eran
    Oct 29, 2011 at 14:42

1 Answer 1


$\psi(r)$ could say: "For every Baire null $B \subseteq 2^{K}$ coded in $M[r|J]$, $r|K \notin B$". This formula uses the set of codes for Baire subsets of $2^K$ in $M[r|J]$ as a parameter.


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