# detect largest period in non-harmonic components

let us consider following sinusoidal components

$\sin(2\pi 13.5t)+\sin(2\pi 13.99t)+\sin(2\pi 25.3t)+\sin(2\pi 26t)$,

clearly this is not periodic in total,because frequencies or periods are not related each other by rational numbers,but clearly we may be able to measure some number ,which could represent as a largest period of this sinusoidal components right?for example for first component

$T_0=1/13.5=0.0740740740740741$

$T_1=1/13.99=0.0714796283059328$

$T_2=1/25.3=0.0395256916996047$

$T_3=1/26=0.0384615384615385$

clearly from there $T_0$ is largest,can we somehow consider $T_0$ as a largest period of this signal?thanks for help

## 2 Answers

This function is periodic because the ratios of the periods are all rational.

The periods are \begin{align} & \left( \frac{1}{13.5}, \frac{1}{13.99}, \frac{1}{25.3}, \frac{1}{26} \right) \\[6pt] = & 100\left(\frac{1}{1350}, \frac{1}{1399}, \frac{1}{2530}, \frac{1}{2600}\right) = 100\left( \frac 1 a, \frac 1 b,\frac 1 c,\frac 1 d\right) \\[6pt] = & \frac{100}{abcd} (bcd,acd,abd, abc). \end{align}

To period is $\dfrac{100}{abcd}$ times the smallest common multiple of those last four components.

To find that, it will be useful to know the prime factorizations of some numbers: \begin{align} 1350 & = 2\cdot3\cdot3\cdot3\cdot5\cdot5 \\ 1399 & = 1399 \text{ (This one is prime.)} \\ 2530 & = 2\cdot5\cdot11\cdot23 \\ 2600 & = 2\cdot2\cdot5\cdot5\cdot13 \end{align}

• I think my latest edit should answer that question. Mar 30, 2014 at 15:15
• yes yes,i see now,does it means that we can somehow find period even if irrational numbers are presented? Mar 30, 2014 at 15:16
• The question is whether the ratios of the numbers are rational; not whether the numbers themselves are rational. Mar 30, 2014 at 15:21
• i see,thanks in advance Mar 30, 2014 at 15:27

Let the period of $\displaystyle \sin(2n\pi t)$ is $T$

So we have $\displaystyle \sin[2n\pi(t+T)]=\sin(2n\pi t)$

$\displaystyle\implies 2n\pi(t+T)=m\pi+(-1)^m2n\pi t$ where $m$ is any integer

Setting $\displaystyle m=2r, 2n\pi(t+T)=2r\pi+2n\pi t\iff T=\frac{r\pi}n$

Setting $\displaystyle m=2r+1, T$ is a function of $t$ and hence not constant

So, the period is $\displaystyle T=\dfrac{\pi}n$ setting $r=1$