$\quad$ The functor $H_n$ measures the number of “$n$-dimensional holes” in the space (or simplicial complex), in the sense that the $n$-sphere $S^n$ has exactly one $n$-dimensional hole and no $m$-dimensional holes if $m\neq n$. A $0$-dimensional hole is a pair of points in different path components, and so $H_0$ measures path connectedness. The functors $H_n$ measure higher dimensional connectedness, and some of the applications of homology are to prove higher dimensional analogues of results obtainable in low dimensions by using connectedness considerations.
Can someone explain me what it means ?
if i understand $H_n$ measure the numbers of holes with dimension $n$ but what about $H_0$ what is the relation between the holes of dimension $0$ with path connected component ?