Can you please help me show the statement below? I am not exactly sure where to start.

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As a function of $c$, the quadratic $\mathrm E(S^4)c^2-2\sigma^2\mathrm E(S^2)c+\sigma^4$ is minimum at $c=\sigma^2\mathrm E(S^2)/\mathrm E(S^4)$. To compute this ratio, the simplest approach could be to compute $\mathrm E(S^2)$ and $\mathrm E(S^4)$.

For starters, would you know how to compute $\mathrm E(S^2)$? Hint: the value of $\mathrm E(S^2)$ does not depend on the sample being drawn from a normal distribution, but only on the parameters $\mu$ and $\sigma^2$.

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  • $\begingroup$ Isn't E(S^2) just the same as sigma^2 since it is unbiased? How would E(S^4) be found? $\endgroup$ – icobes Oct 15 '11 at 6:46
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    $\begingroup$ (1) What is the definition of $S^2$ you want to use? (2) Answering that $E(S^2)=\sigma^2$ because $S^2$ is [an] unbiased [estimator of the variance], is akin to playing with words and this is not what I suggested. My suggestion was rather to reprove this comparatively simple fact (or to remember how its proof goes), in order to be ready to tackle $E(S^4)$. In the end, this is up to you: either you wait for a complete answer to appear on this page (something which may very well happen, unfortunately), or you start doing maths yourself... $\endgroup$ – Did Oct 15 '11 at 6:56
  • $\begingroup$ Would E(S^2) be sigma^2 and E(S^4) be mew^2 + sigma^2? I calculated these explicitly and those were the values I got. $\endgroup$ – icobes Oct 16 '11 at 0:43
  • $\begingroup$ (1) (bis) What is the definition of $S^2$ you want to use? There are several options and as long as you have not said which one you use, the discussion is pointless. (3) For homogeneity reasons, $E(S^4)$ should be of degree $4$ in the variables $\mu$ and $\sigma$ hence the formula for $E(S^4)$ in your last comment cannot hold, whatever option you choose to define $S^2$. (4) NEVERTHELESS, I suggest you write here (either in your post or in an answer) how you got $\mu^2+\sigma^2$ for $E(S^4)$ and $\sigma^2$ for $E(S^2)$, so that we have something concrete to discuss. $\endgroup$ – Did Oct 16 '11 at 7:50
  • $\begingroup$ I just saw this post which tremendously helped and gave me a good method for finding E(S^4): math.stackexchange.com/questions/72975/… $\endgroup$ – icobes Oct 16 '11 at 16:34

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